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Embroidery design
  • Embroidery design
    Bland, Sarah, born 1810 - died 1905
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Embroidery design

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1866 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Bland, Sarah, born 1810 - died 1905 (made)
    A. Todt (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Pen and ink and watercolour on graph paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mrs D. McGregor

  • Museum number:

    E.372:162-1967

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level H, case 95, shelf C, box 101

Designs for geometric borders for embroidery in Berlin wool work by A. Todt, 1866, in an album containing a collection of patterns collated by Sarah Bland (1810-1905). Berlin wool work is a style of embroidery, often on canvas which uses colours to create a three-dimensional effect. These designs are in an album which includes Bland's collection of her own botanically accurate designs, simplified patterns from accurate botanical observation, patterns traced from magazines, commercial, printed Berlin wool work patterns, gifts of patterns, including commercial ones from friends and relatives. The designs include those for petit-point, bead-work, decoration for dresses, collars and cuffs, aprons, slippers, tablecloths and covers, cushions, bags, penwipers, initial letters, alphabets etc.

In Bland's case, the gift of designs demonstrates connections between relatives of merchant and banking families and is of historical significance in bonding such families. This design is inscribed 'E. Barclay' in handwriting at the top left of the design. The Blands were related to the banking family of the Barclays by marriage.

Physical description

Designs (8) on graph paper for geometric border patterns, possibly in the Berlin wool work style.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

1866 (made)

Artist/maker

Bland, Sarah, born 1810 - died 1905 (made)
A. Todt (made)

Materials and Techniques

Pen and ink and watercolour on graph paper

Marks and inscriptions

'E. Barclay'
Inscribed in pencil at the top left hand corner, above the design.

'1866'
Inscribed in ink at the top right hand corner, above the design

'A Todt[?]in Berlin'
Inscribed in ink beneath the design.

Dimensions

Height: 18.1 cm, Width: 11.6 cm

Object history note

Historical significance: Within the study of embroidery, men tend to be recorded as professional embroiderers or pattern drawers, whereas women worked more ambigiously with designs for embroidery. Women's amateur as opposed to professional designs for embroidery raise problems because amateur work has tended to be regarded as less significant. Embroidery was a pastime but was also an economic activity. Upper middle class women's property was closely linked to their status within the family as daughters, wives and widows and only allowed semi-independence. This semi-independence was underpinned by legal, politial, and social practices which subordinated them. Nevertheless, it was combined with recognition of their economic worth within the family enterprise. However, women were restricted as they often could not be openly involved in working for money. See L. Davidoff and C. Hall (Reference Tab). Bland could not be seen to be working but it is likely that she embroidered accessories for dress, penwipers, tablecloths, book covers, and cushions as gifts which were her contribution to the household, wider family, and friendship. The quality of her samplers and designs shows the value of such gifts in terms of relationships with family and friends.

Material about the perceptions of a woman's role is pertinent to the discourse on women and therefore gender history. In Bland's case, the gift of designs demonstrates connections between relatives of merchant and banking families and is of historical significance in bonding between such families.

Historical context note

The Blands were related to the banking family of the Barclays by marriage. Sarah Bland (1810-1905) was listed as a 'gentlewoman' in the 1851 census return and is not recorded as having any occupation in the census returns for 1871 and 1901 which is consistent with her social status.

Descriptive line

Design for Berlin wool work by A. Todt, 1866, in an album containing a collection of patterns collated by Sarah Bland (1810-1905)

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Davidoff, L. and Hall, C. Family Fortunes, Men, Women of the English Middle Class 1780-1850. Revised edition. London: Routledge, 2002, p.387.

Production Note

There are three samplers by Sarah Bland in the collection of the Textiles and Fashion Department: T.238-1967; T.239-1967 and T.240-1967.

Materials

Ink; Watercolour; Graph paper

Techniques

Drawing; Painting

Subjects depicted

Geometric; Border

Categories

Designs; Drawings; Textiles; Embroidery

Production Type

Design

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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