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  • Place of origin:

    China (Punjab, Pakistan, made)

  • Date:

    19th century - 20th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hand spun and woven dark red cotton embroidered in silk and gilt thread

  • Credit Line:

    Addis Bequest

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Bed cover made up of three length seamed together vertically. On a dark red, plain weave cotton ground are repeating diamond designs embroidered in yellow and white silk. This geometric counted thread work almost entirely covers the ground. At the sides, the embroidered pattern changes to form a narrow border.
This cover was made by one of China's national minority peoples, probably one from the south or west of China.

Place of Origin

China (Punjab, Pakistan, made)


19th century - 20th century (made)



Materials and Techniques

Hand spun and woven dark red cotton embroidered in silk and gilt thread

Marks and inscriptions

'Te yi gong si qian men jingying guanli chu'
The Te Yi (Special Arts and Crafts) Company: Administrative & Management Department at Qianmen

'Huo hao 950'
'Ding jin 10.00'
'Item no. 950'
'Price 10.00'


Length: 227 cm, Width: 94 cm

Object history note

Registered File number 1965/3344.

Descriptive line

Cover, hand spun and woven dark red cotton embroidered in silk and gilt thread, possibly Yunnan province, China, 19th-20th century

Labels and date

The design elements of diamonds, lines and chevrons are given definition by leaving the background fabric showing as an integral part of the pattern, a technique known in English as voiding. The pattern and thread colour show variations throughout the piece and the original ends are uneven and unfinished. The satin-faced stab stitch embroidery was completed before the lengths were joined because the pattern is not continuous across the three vertical seams. This may mean that it was not originally intended as a cover but seamed together for sale in Beijing where Sir John Addis purchased it.
It seems likely that this cover was made by the Dai people who live in southern Yunnan province and are ethnically related to groups living in Northern Laos and Thailand. []

Production Note

This piece from the Addis Collection, although it appears to have been purchased in China, may, in fact, be a phulkari from Pakistan.

See Michelle Maskiel, 'Embroidering the Past: Phulkari, Textiles and Gendered Work as "Tradition" and "Heritage" in Colonial and Contemporary punjab' in Journal of Asian Studies, vol 58, no. 2 (May, 1999), 361-388


Cotton (textile); Silk thread; Metal thread


Embroidering; Weaving

Subjects depicted



Textiles; Embroidery; Household objects


East Asia Collection

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