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Figure - One of the ten Judges of Hell

One of the ten Judges of Hell

  • Object:

    Figure

  • Place of origin:

    Japan (made)

  • Date:

    1850-1900 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved and painted wood, crystal

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased with Art Fund support

  • Museum number:

    A.11-1967

  • Gallery location:

    Japan, Room 45, The Toshiba Gallery, case 11

According to Buddhist belief, on the 35th day after a person dies they are judged by the Ten Kings of the Underworld. These judges decide whether or not the deceased is a sinner and should be punished. This figure is carved in the style of the 13th century but inscriptions show it was made much later.

Physical description

Figure depicting one of the ten Judges of Hell, carved and painted wood, crystal eyes, inscription once hidden under paint lists the names of the believers who paid for the figures to be made.

Place of Origin

Japan (made)

Date

1850-1900 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Carved and painted wood, crystal

Marks and inscriptions

inscription once hidden under paint lists the names of the believers who paid for the figures to be made.

Dimensions

Height: 39.4 cm approx., Width: 356 mm

Descriptive line

Figure depicting one of the ten Judges of Hell, carved and painted wood, crystal eyes, Japan, 1850-1900

Labels and date

Seated figure of a King of the Underworld
1850–1900

According to Buddhist belief, on the 35th day after a person dies they are judged by the Ten Kings of the Underworld. These judges decide whether or not the deceased is a sinner and should be punished. This figure is carved in the style of the 13th century but inscriptions show it was made much later.

Carved and painted wood; crystal eyes
Purchased with the assistance of the Art Fund
Museum no. A.11-1967

[04/11/2015]

Materials

Wood; Crystal

Techniques

Carving; Painting

Categories

Woodwork

Collection

East Asia Collection

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