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Seal

  • Object:

    Seal

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    c. 1750-60 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold, enamels, ivory and cornelian under a glass cover, in a shagreen case.

  • Museum number:

    2401-1855

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This seal is a highly-worked luxury object of the mid-eighteenth century. The ivory micro-carving of ships in a port resembles French pieces of the eighteenth century, such as a box and a finger-ring respectively, both in the Hull Grundy collection at the British Museum. The style of the enamels and the chased gold work implies a date of the mid-eighteenth century; the martial overtones could even reflect the start of the Seven Years War in 1756. Both the style and the iconography of the enamels imply the object is French.

Physical description

This elaborately worked object was once a seal, though it lacks any engraved insignia, and is set with simply an uncarved carnelian, which may be a replacement for an intaglio removed at an earlier date.
The ivory element is a micro-carving of two ships at a fortified port, this little scene being set within the hinged chased and coloured gold case. The gold is worked with rococo motifs with four inset enamels depicting: a male figure seated on clouds in classical armour with a trophy of arms (perhaps Mars); a seated female figure, also in military guise and also seated on clouds, whose shield shows three fleurs-de-lys (representing perhaps France); and two smaller enamels, each depicting trophies of arms. The whole object is encased in a cylindrical shagreen case.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

c. 1750-60 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Gold, enamels, ivory and cornelian under a glass cover, in a shagreen case.

Dimensions

Height: 4.2 cm case, Height: 3.3 cm seal, Width: 3.4 cm case, Width: 2.2 cm seal

Object history note

Bought for £8 10s. from the Bernal Collection at Christie's, London, on 23 April 1855, lot 3485.

Descriptive line

Seal, ivory, gold, enamels and cornelian under a glass cover, in a shagreen case, France, ca. 1750-1760

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Bohn, H. G., A guide to the knowledge of pottery, porcelain, and other objects of vertu: comprising an illustrated catalogue of the Bernal collection of works of art, with the prices at which they were sold by auction, and the names of the present possessors: to which are added an introductory essay on pottery and porcelain, and an engraved list of marks and monograms, London: 1872, p. 346

Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, Vol. I, For the Years 1852 to the end of 1867, London, 1868, p. 99
Trusted, Marjorie, Baroque & Later Ivories, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 2013, cat. no. 248, pp. 266, 7

Materials

Gold; Ivory; Enamel; Cornelian

Subjects depicted

Port; Ships

Categories

Sculpture; Accessories; Personal accessories

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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