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Drawing - Design in monochrome. Design in two colours. Polychrome design. Four stylized floral designs for ceramics, mounted on one sheet of card for examination.
  • Design in monochrome. Design in two colours. Polychrome design. Four stylized floral designs for ceramics, mounted on one sheet of card for examination.
    Hayes, Albert Edward, born 1880 - died 1968
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Design in monochrome. Design in two colours. Polychrome design. Four stylized floral designs for ceramics, mounted on one sheet of card for examination.

  • Object:

    Drawing

  • Date:

    19th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Hayes, Albert Edward, born 1880 - died 1968 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Pen and Indian ink and watercolour

  • Museum number:

    E.834-1994

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 125c, case WS

Object Type
These drawings by Albert Edward Hayes (1880-1968) were entered for examination in the South Kensington School of Design, which moved to the present V&A site with the Museum in 1857. Each sheet is die-stamped in the left-hand corner with the letters 'ESK', which stand for 'Examined South Kensington'. The first drawing is a study from life of a nasturtium plant. The three designs are adaptations of nasturtium forms for use as flat surface decoration for a ceramic plate with sgraffito decoration (scratched or scored through an opaque coating), a damask serviette and a copper panel.

Time
These designs were entered for examination towards the end of Hayes's training, as the label at the top right-hand corner states that he was 21 years old in 1901. By this time he had been under tuition for three years. By their final year students of the School of Design were expected to be producing decorative designs for flat patterns for such applied arts as domestic plates, textiles and stencil designs for wall friezes.

People
Albert Hayes does not seem to have participated in exhibitions such as those organised by the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, where many designers of the day would have shown their work. Little is therefore known about him. He designed mainly textile fabrics and wallpapers. There are some completed textile designs by him also in the V&A. Some of these are of different stylised forms of nasturtiums, probably taken from his studies at the School of Design. This suggests that the petal forms of this flower were a favourite of his, as they particularly lent themselves to the Art Nouveau shapes popular at the time.

Date

19th century (made)

Artist/maker

Hayes, Albert Edward, born 1880 - died 1968 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Pen and Indian ink and watercolour

Dimensions

Height: 53.7 cm mount, Width: 73.5 cm mount

Descriptive line

19th century student drawing for National Competitions

Labels and date

FINAL YEAR STUDENT DESIGNS
1901

In their final year of training (Stage 23) students stopped copying and made original designs. These four drawings comprise a study of flowers and three original designs using the same plant. Albert Edward Hayes later became a designer of textiles.

Watercolour, bodycolour and pencil on paper mounted on to a card backboard
Painted in South Kensington, London by Albert Edward Hayes (born in 1880, died in 1968)
Museum no. E.834-1994
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Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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