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Print - Typical Output
  • Typical Output
    Barbadillo, Manuel, born 1929 - died 2003
  • Enlarge image

Typical Output

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Spain (made)

  • Date:

    1968-1972 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Barbadillo, Manuel, born 1929 - died 2003 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Computer print-outs mounted on board

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the Computer Arts Society, supported by System Simulation Ltd, London

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case 3H, shelf 23

These computer print-outs by Manuel Barbadillo would have served as trial pieces, or research, for a later work that would have been produced by hand, such as the two screenprints in the V&A's collection (for example, see E.99-2008). Barbadillo wrote a computer program that enabled him to rotate the U-shaped forms within a grid, to produce a large number of different formations. The set of figures in the top left corner of each design, labelled 'Cuadro Numero 1' (meaning 'Picture Number 1'), demonstrates how Barbadillo altered the numerical values in the computer program to explore the relationship of one U-shaped motif to another. Barbadillo would then compare the different outcomes in a larger sequence to decide which image was the most successful, and should be developed further. By using the computer as a tool, Barbadillo was able to process much larger quantities of information than would otherwise have been possible.

These works were produced using a line printer, which was an early form of impact printer. Like a type writer, impact printers use force to literally stamp the ink onto the paper. Print-outs were restricted to black and white, and darker areas or shading, could only be achieved by overwriting one character on top of another

Physical description

Two computer print-outs on paper, mounted on board.

Place of Origin

Spain (made)


1968-1972 (made)


Barbadillo, Manuel, born 1929 - died 2003 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Computer print-outs mounted on board


Height: 74.7 cm, Width: 68.5 cm

Descriptive line

Computer print-outs mounted on board, 'Typical Output', 1968-1972, by Manuel Barbadillo.


Paper (fiber product); Mounting board


Computerized composition


Computer Art


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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