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Cartons [sic] Done from the Originals in His Majesty's Collection

  • Object:

    Prints

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1827-1835 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Fittler, James ARA, born 1758 - died 1835 (maker)
    Raphael, born 1483 - died 1520 (artist)
    Burney, E. (engraver)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Etching and engraving on paper, bound in volume

  • Museum number:

    E.111-1994

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level H, case 95, shelf G, box 57

The so-called Raphael Cartoons, which the images in this volume reproduce, are seven full size designs for tapestries by the great Italian Renaissance artist Raphael (1483-1520). They illustrate passages from the Bible concerning the lives of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. None of them is smaller than ten feet high by thirteen feet wide. They belong to Her Majesty the Queen and have been on loan to this museum since 1865. The earliest print relating to the Raphael Cartoons dates from 1516, the year in which Raphael received final payment for the commission. It inaugurates an extraordinary case study in the history of printmaking, stretching over more than four hundred and fifty years and across a wide range of printmaking techniques.

This slim, handy-sized volume of prints of the Cartoons has no text. A portrait of the engraver at the front is captioned 'To lead the Fine Arts into the Service of Religion'. Inside the front cover is the heraldic bookplate of one Thomas Williams, who may have been a Welsh hymn writer of that name who lived from 1760 to 1844. This volume was also aimed at would-be artists as there is an advertisement for an artist's manual, John Burnet's A Treatise on Painting pasted into the back.

Physical description

Bound volume of prints taken from the Raphael cartoons, single-sided pages interleaved with protective sheet. Binding lettered on front cover 'CARTONS OF RAPHAEL'. Inside the front board, the armorial bookplate of Thomas Williams.

Plate 1: Illustrated titlepage, also printed from a single plate, with title, a portrait of Raphael in an oval below the title, and above a drape with coat of arms, and either side a lion and unicorn.

Plate 2: A portrait bust in profile, cameo style in a medalion of James Fittler surrounded by 'trophy' style ornament featuring artists, pallete, paintbrushes, compass and printing tools. Below this an image featuring in a group personifications of Religion seated holding a bible and the three Fine Arts seated in a group around her, holding their attributes.

Plate 3: Christ's Charge to Peter.

Plate 4: Elymas the Sorcerer Struck with Blindness.

Plate 5: Paul Preaching at Athens.

Plate 6: Paul and Barnabas at Lystra.

Plate 7: The Lame Man Healed by Peter & John.

Plate 8: The Death of Ananias.

Plate 9: Miraculous Draught of Fishes.

Tipped in at the back, an advertisement for A Treatise on Painting by John Burnet.

For another impression of the portrait of Fittler see E.1121-1931.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

1827-1835 (made)

Artist/maker

Fittler, James ARA, born 1758 - died 1835 (maker)
Raphael, born 1483 - died 1520 (artist)
Burney, E. (engraver)

Materials and Techniques

Etching and engraving on paper, bound in volume

Marks and inscriptions

CARTONS [sic] OF RAPHAEL
Lettered on front cover

A FYNNO DUW FYDD
bookplate motto

Thomas Williams
Bookplate

CARTONS [sic] / Done from the Originals / IN / His Majesty's / COLLECTION. / RAPHAEL URBIN.
Titlepage

DIEU ET MON DROIT
Titlepage, ribbon below coat of arms

HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
Titlepage, motto on coat of arms

JAMES FITTLER / 1797.
Plate 2

Burney delin.
Below main image, plate 2

- to lead the Fine Arts / into the service of Religion / Vide Proposals for Publishing the Cabinet Bible.
Below image, plate 2

Christ's Charge to Peter. John Chap. XXI.
Below image, plate 3

Elymas the Sorcerer struck with Blindness. Acts Chap. XIII.
Below image, plate 4

Paul Preaching at Athens. Acts Chap. XVII.
Below image, plate 5

Paul and Barnabas at Lystra. Acts Chap. XIV.
Below image, plate 6

The lame Man healed by Peter & John Acts Chap. III.
Below image, plate 7

The Death of Ananias. Acts Chap. V.
Below image, plate 8

Miraculous Draught of Fishes. Luke Chap. V.
Below image, plate 9

Dimensions

Height: 25 cm volume, Width: 15.8 cm volume, Height: 24.5 cm sheet, Width: 15.4 cm sheet, Height: 13.5 cm average size of platemarks of Cartoons (images are landscape), Width: 23 cm average size of platemarks of Cartoons (images are landscape), Height: 23 cm platemark of titlepage and plate 2 (portrait), Width: 13.5 cm platemark of titlepage and plate 2 (portrait)

Object history note

The Dictionary of National Biography mentions a Welsh hymn writer called Thomas Williams whose dates were 1760-1844.

Descriptive line

Prints by James Fittler after Raphael, 'Cartons [sic] Done from the Originals in His Majesty's Collection' a bound volume of prints of the Raphael Cartoons, Great Britain, etchings and engravings, 1827-1835

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Fittler, James. Cartons Done from the Originals in His Majesty's Collection.
Miller, Elizabeth. From Marcantonio Raimondi to the postcard : prints of the Raphael cartoons. London: Victoria and Albert Museum Dept. of Prints, Drawings and Paintings, 1995.
Shearman, John. Raphael's cartoons in the collection of Her Majesty the Queen, and the tapestries for the Sistine Chapel. London: Phaidon Press Ltd, 1972. 258p., ill. ISBN 0714814504.
Fermor, Sharon. The Raphael tapestry cartoons : narrative, decoration, design. London: Scala Books in association with the Victoria and Albert Museum, 1996. 96pp, ill. ISBN: 1857591518.
Victoria and Albert Museum Department of Prints, Drawings and Paintings Accession Register for 1994

Labels and date

This slim, handy-sized volume of prints of the Cartoons has no text. A portrait of the engraver at the front is captioned To lead the Fine Arts into the Service of Religion. Inside the front cover is the heraldic bookplate of one Thomas Williams, who may have been a Welsh hymn writer of that name who lived from 1760 to 1844. This volume was also aimed at would-be artists as there is an advertisement for an artist's manual, John Burnet's A Treatise on Painting pasted into the back. []

Production Note

The dating of this work derives from two facts:- Practical hints on Painting was published by J. Burnet in 1827 and the text of the advertisement suggests A Treatise on Painting is a fuller, later edition of this work. James Fittler died in 1835.

Materials

Paper

Techniques

Etching; Engraving

Subjects depicted

Clothing, Costume; Fishermen (people); Sandals; Trophies (motif); Townscapes (representations); Ornament; Axe; Classical statues; Fishing vessels; Artists' brushes; Flowers (plants); Spiral columns; Self-portraits; Palace; Landscapes (representations); Coat of arms, royal; Key to Heaven; Foliation (pattern); Ram; Drapes; Arches; Birds; Altar; Shoes (footwear); Boxes (containers); Fish; Festoon curtains; Bulls (animal); Healing; Cross; Shells; Bible; Palettes; Throne; Crowd scenes; Columns (architectural elements); Interior views; Mallet; Lamps (lighting devices); Boots; Putti; Niche; Sacrifice; Laurel crown; Miracle; Rotundas; Compass; Architectural drawings; Sheep; Raphael Cartoons

Categories

Prints; Religion; Christianity; Architectural fittings; Designs; Printmaking techniques

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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