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Print - Hommage à Paul Klee, 13/9/65 Nr.2
  • Hommage à Paul Klee, 13/9/65 Nr.2
    Nake, Frieder, born 1938
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Hommage à Paul Klee, 13/9/65 Nr.2

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Germany (made)

  • Date:

    1965 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Nake, Frieder, born 1938 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Screenprint on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the American Friends of the V&A through the generosity of Patric Prince. Copyright Frieder Nake

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case MB2E, shelf DR51

This screenprint was created from a plotter drawing produced using a computer program, or algorithm, written by the artist Frieder Nake (born 1938, Germany). It is based on a painting by Paul Klee, entitled 'High Roads and Byroads', 1929, now in the Ludwig Museum, Cologne. Nake took Klee's exploration of proportion and the relationship between the vertical and horizontal lines of the painting as the starting point for his algorithm. Nake then generated the drawing using a pen plotter. A plotter is a mechanical device that holds a pen or brush and is linked to a computer that controls its movements. Nake was able to set the parameters of the drawing to dictate the horizontal and vertical framework. By deliberately writing random variables into the process, Nake also allowed the computer to make certain choices within a given number of options. At this time, computers would have had no screen on which the image could be visualised. Nake underpinned the foundations of his image making with a mathematical logic. In so doing, the artist demonstrates the impact of Max Bense's theories of Information Aesthetics that considered a more scientific approach to the study of aesthetics, and which heavily influenced many of the early computer art practitioners.

Nake studied mathematics at the Technical University, Stuttgart, and went on to receive his PhD in probability theory from the same institution in 1967. He is currently Professor of Interactive Computer Graphics at the University of Bremen

Physical description

Screenprint on paper, from a computer-generated drawing.

Place of Origin

Germany (made)


1965 (made)


Nake, Frieder, born 1938 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Screenprint on paper


Height: 49.2 cm, Width: 49.2 cm, Height: 59 cm Frame, Height: 59 cm Frame, Depth: 3.5 cm Frame

Descriptive line

Screenprint from a plotter drawing, 'Hommage à Paul Klee', 1965, by Frieder Nake.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Herzogenrath, Wulf and Nierhoff-Wielk, Barbara, eds. Ex-Machina-Frühe Computergrafik bis 1979. Munich: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2007. ISBN 978-3-422-06689-2. p.425 (cat. 263), ill.

Production Note

Attribution note: Software: COMPART ER56
Hardware: SEL ER56
Output device: ZUSE-Graphomat Z64


Paper (fiber product); Printing ink


Screenprinting; Plotter drawing


Prints; Computer Art


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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