Not currently on display at the V&A

Sikh marriage procession

Painting
ca. 1860 (painted)
Artist/Maker
Place of origin

'Company paintings' were produced by Indian artists for Europeans living and working in the Indian subcontinent, especially British employees of the East India Company. They represent a fusion of traditional Indian artistic styles with conventions and technical features borrowed from western art. Some Company paintings were specially commissioned, while others were virtually mass-produced and could be purchased in bazaars.

This Company painting depicts a Sikh marriage procession, with the bridegroom on horseback attended by a parasol-bearer and a large throng of people. It was painted in the Panjab around 1860 and is a comparatively rare example of Company painting from this region. It was only in 1849, after the Sikh Wars, that the British took over the administration of the Panjab. Before this, European influences were few and painting was not common. It was not until a British Resident, Henry Lawrence, was posted to Lahore (now in Pakistan but then in the Panjab) that British influences began to spread and painters were encouraged to provide examples of Company painting, though it never developed on the scale seen in other regions of India.

Object details

Categories
Object type
TitleSikh marriage procession (generic title)
Materials and techniques
Watercolour on paper
Brief description
Painting of a Sikh marriage procession, Punjab, watercolour, ca. 1860
Physical description
Sikh marriage procession: the bridegroom riding on horseback, a parasol-bearer beside him. The procession faces left and contains camels with riders and musicians.
Dimensions
  • Height: 35cm
  • Width: 56cm
Style
Credit line
Purchased from Mr. T. Toon (or possibly Mr J.Joon), 38 Leicester Square
Object history
The volume containing 49 watercolour paintings is entitled 'Views in India'. It was bought from Mr. T. Toon, 38 Leicester Square, for £50 on 4 March 1887.

This acquisition information reflects that found in the Museum records (Asia Department registers and/or Central Inventory) as part of a 2023 provenance research project.
Subjects depicted
Summary
'Company paintings' were produced by Indian artists for Europeans living and working in the Indian subcontinent, especially British employees of the East India Company. They represent a fusion of traditional Indian artistic styles with conventions and technical features borrowed from western art. Some Company paintings were specially commissioned, while others were virtually mass-produced and could be purchased in bazaars.

This Company painting depicts a Sikh marriage procession, with the bridegroom on horseback attended by a parasol-bearer and a large throng of people. It was painted in the Panjab around 1860 and is a comparatively rare example of Company painting from this region. It was only in 1849, after the Sikh Wars, that the British took over the administration of the Panjab. Before this, European influences were few and painting was not common. It was not until a British Resident, Henry Lawrence, was posted to Lahore (now in Pakistan but then in the Panjab) that British influences began to spread and painters were encouraged to provide examples of Company painting, though it never developed on the scale seen in other regions of India.
Bibliographic reference
Archer, Mildred. Company Paintings Indian Paintings of the British period Victoria and Albert Museum Indian Series London: Victoria and Albert Museum, Maplin Publishing, 1992, 173 p ISBN 0944142303
Collection
Accession number
IS.11:18-1887

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Record createdJanuary 28, 2000
Record URL
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