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King William III

  • Object:

    Medallion

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    c. 1690-1 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Cavalier, Jean (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved ivory in relief

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Dr W.L. Hildburgh FSA

  • Museum number:

    A.125-1956

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This portrait medallion is likely to have been carved by the itinerant French ivory sculptor, Jean Cavalier or by a sculptor working in his circle. It may be related to an engraved image. Although it differs slightly in size, it is likely to be a pendant to the relief of Queen Mary II (Mus. no. A.126-1956). Jean Cavalier (1650/60-1698/9), a Hugenot, was a native of France, and perhaps a Protestant. He travelled extensively, working as a wax modeller and ivory sculptor, and specialising in portrait medallions. In the 1682/3 he went to London, where he stayed until 1686; he then went to Trier, perhaps Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Kassel, and in 1689 to Vienna, Munich and perhaps Dresden. By 1690 he was back in London, where he carved pictures of the King and Queen and was given the passport as the 'King's medallist'. He was then at the Danish Court in 1691/3, and from 1694/5-7 in Stockholm, from whence he and his brother Denis, also a sculptor, journeyed as ambassadors on behalf of Sweden to Russia and Persia, where they both died. Cavalier was the most accomplished ivory-carver working in late Stuart England until the arrival of David Le Marchand around 1700.

Physical description

This oval bust portraits King William III in profile facing right wearing a wig and laurel wreath and armour. Inscribed.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

c. 1690-1 (made)

Artist/maker

Cavalier, Jean (made)

Materials and Techniques

Carved ivory in relief

Dimensions

Height: 8.8 cm whole, Height: 8.1 cm ivory alone

Object history note

Given by Dr. W. L. Hildburgh, F. S. A., 1956. Formerly on loan from Dr. Hildburgh. The object has been bought by the donor at Sotheby's, London on 3 November 1955, lot 22, property of S. Hand Esq. (deceased), along with Mus. Nos. A.126-1956 and A.127-1956.

Descriptive line

Medallion, ivory in relief, King William III, in the style of Jean Cavalier, French, ca. 1690-1691

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Trusted, Marjorie, Baroque & Later Ivories, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 2013, cat. no. 215

Materials

Ivory

Techniques

Carving

Categories

Portraits; Royalty; Reliefs; Sculpture; Medallions

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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