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Photograph - Campo Santo, Pisa
  • Campo Santo, Pisa
    Bernoud, Alphonse, born 1820 - died 1889
  • Enlarge image

Campo Santo, Pisa

  • Object:

    Photograph

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (photographed)

  • Date:

    ca. late 1850s (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Bernoud, Alphonse, born 1820 - died 1889 (photographer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Stereoscopic photograph, albumen print

  • Museum number:

    E.1420-1992

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F, case X, shelf 546

Physical description

Stereoscopic photograph showing an interior view in Italy, 'Campo Santo, Pisa'. Lettered with artist's name and addresses (Naples and Florence) and inscribed in ink with the number 327. Inscribed in ink on the back with title.

Place of Origin

Italy (photographed)

Date

ca. late 1850s (made)

Artist/maker

Bernoud, Alphonse, born 1820 - died 1889 (photographer)

Materials and Techniques

Stereoscopic photograph, albumen print

Dimensions

Height: 8.4 cm Size of card, Width: 17.7 cm

Object history note

The Camposanto ("Holy Field") or Monumental Cemetery in Pisa was constructed in 1278 around sacred dirt brought back from Golgotha by Archbishop Ubaldo Lanfranchi (1108-78) during the Crusades. Later decorated with extensive frescoes, it was the burial place of the Pisan upper class for centuries.
In 1278, Giovanni di Simone (architect of the Leaning Tower) designed a marble cloister to enclose the holy ground, which became the primary cemetery for Pisa's upper class until 1779. In the 14th and 15th centuries, the walls of the Camposanto were decorated with frescoes by Taddeo Gaddi, Spinello Aretino, Benozzo Gozzoli, Andrea Bonaiuti, Antonio Veneziano, and Piero di Puccio.

Tragically, the extensive frescoes of the Camposanto were almost completely destroyed by a bombing raid during World War II. On July 27, 1944, American warplanes launched a major air attack against Pisa, which was still held by the Nazis. The wooden roof caught fire, its lead panels melted and the hot metal ran all over the frescoes. Many were completely destroyed and the few that remained were badly damaged.
The Camposanto has since been fully restored and most of the surviving frescoes, along with preparatory sketches (sinopie) found underneath, have been moved to the Museo delle Sinopie in Pisa.

Descriptive line

Stereoscopic photograph by Alphonse Bernoud showing an interior view in Italy, 'Campo Santo, Pisa'. French School, Italy, ca. late 1850s.

Materials

Card

Techniques

Photography; Albumen

Subjects depicted

Galleries; Interiors; Stereoscopes; Stereograph; Cemetery; Mausoleum

Categories

Photographs; Interiors

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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