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Album page - The Mughal Emperor and his Court

The Mughal Emperor and his Court

  • Object:

    Album page

  • Place of origin:

    Faizabad (painted)

  • Date:

    ca. 1774 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

‘Company paintings' were produced by Indian artists for Europeans living and working in the Indian subcontinent, especially British employees of the East India Company. They represent a fusion of traditional Indian artistic styles with conventions and technical features borrowed from western art. Some Company paintings were specially commissioned, while others were virtually mass-produced and could be purchased in bazaars.

This Company painting is part of an album, now known as the Gentil Album, of 58 paintings commissioned by a French infantry colonel, Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gentil (1726-1799), who served under Shuja ud-Daula of Oudh from 1774 until 1786. Shah Jahan and his peacock throne are depicted here. The throne was removed to Persia by Nadir Shah in 1738/9 and subsequently broken up.

Physical description

Shah Jahan on the Peacock Throne which was carried off by Nadir Shah in 1738-9; courtiers and attendants present. From the Gentil Album. Shah Jahan, on throne in centre, on raised dias covered with a yellow cloth. Courtiers and attendants, also under pavilion to left and right.

Place of Origin

Faizabad (painted)


ca. 1774 (painted)



Materials and Techniques

Watercolour on paper


Length: 37 cm, Width: 53.5 cm

Descriptive line

Gentil; Manuscripts, Col J B J Gentil, Faizabad, ca. 1774. Page number 3. Shah Jahan on the Peacock Throne. The text on the back of this page relates to the next image, IS.25:4-1980.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Archer, Mildred. Company Paintings Indian Paintings of the British period
Victoria and Albert Museum Indian Series London: Victoria and Albert Museum, Maplin Publishing, 1992 118 p. ISBN 0944142303


Watercolour; Paper



Subjects depicted



Indian Company Paintings; Paintings; Indian Company Paintings


South & South East Asia Collection

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