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Rubber Soul

  • Object:

    Record Sleeve

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (published)

  • Date:

    1965 (first issued)
    1988 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Freeman, Robert (designer)
    Freeman, Robert (photographer)
    Front, Charles (calligrapher)
    EMI Records - The Gramophone Co. Ltd. (publisher)
    Parlophone (publisher)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Colour offset lithograph

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Kevin Edge

  • Museum number:

    E.1800-1990

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case TS, shelf 41

Physical description

Cover sleeve for the long-playing record 'Rubber Soul' recorded by The Beatles for EMI Records, The Gramophone Co. Ltd.. The design features portraits of all the members of The Beatles. Lettered with title and credits.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (published)

Date

1965 (first issued)
1988 (made)

Artist/maker

Freeman, Robert (designer)
Freeman, Robert (photographer)
Front, Charles (calligrapher)
EMI Records - The Gramophone Co. Ltd. (publisher)
Parlophone (publisher)

Materials and Techniques

Colour offset lithograph

Marks and inscriptions

Lettered with title and credits.

Descriptive line

Cover sleeve for the long-playing record 'Rubber Soul' recorded by The Beatles. Photography and design by Robert Freeman; calligraphy designed and hand-calligraphed by Charles Front. Published by EMI Records, The Gramophone Co. Ltd./Parlophone, Great Britain. 1988 reprint of the original 1965 design.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Oak, Arlene. Shake it up Baby! Graphics recording change: Beatles album covers 1963-70. RCA/V&A MA thesis, 1992. Appendix I. pp.8-10.

Production Note

This is a 1988 reprint of the original 1965 cover.

Techniques

Colour offset lithography

Subjects depicted

Group portraits

Categories

Labels & packaging; Music

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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