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Virgin and Child

  • Object:

    Print

  • Place of origin:

    Berlin, Germany (printed)

  • Date:

    1885 (printed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Lippi, Filippino (after, painter)
    Edward Kaiser, born 1820 - died 1895 (copyist)
    Frick, Fritz (printer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Chromolithograph

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Miss Helen Mitchell

  • Museum number:

    E.147-1998

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

  • Image unavailable

Object Type
This is a type of print called a chromolithograph, another word for a colour lithograph and often used to describe reproductive prints. A chromolithograph is produced by applying the design to be printed onto a stone with a greasy chalk. The surface of the stone is then moistened. As grease and water do not combine, the parts already drawn upon repel the water and the untouched parts absorb it. Greasy ink is passed over the surface. The wet parts reject the ink while the greasy parts attract it. The paper on which the image is to be printed is placed on the surface and together they are passed through a press. One stone is used for each colour.

This print was produced for the Arundel Society. The subjects, to be reproduced for subscribers to the Society, were chosen by a council who favoured Italian decorative and narrative fresco cycles of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. Artists were employed to copy these works of art. The watercolours they produced were examined and selected by the council and then forwarded to the printers.

Ownership & Use
Subscribers to the Arundel Society were drawn from many walks of life. By the time of the Society's eventual closure in 1897 over 200,000 chromolithographs had been circulated. Regular members would have been in possession of a large number of prints and for this reason many examples found their way into school rooms, churches and village halls where they can still be found today.

Physical description

The image shows the Virgin kneeling by the baby Jesus who is lying on the ground. The scene is set against a rocky landscape. In the foreground on the right is Saint Anthony Abbot and above him is a youthful Saint John the Baptist. At the top of the picture is the Holy Trinity.

Place of Origin

Berlin, Germany (printed)

Date

1885 (printed)

Artist/maker

Lippi, Filippino (after, painter)
Edward Kaiser, born 1820 - died 1895 (copyist)
Frick, Fritz (printer)

Materials and Techniques

Chromolithograph

Marks and inscriptions

E Grindley & Palmer
Printsellers & Publishers
And Picture Frame Manufactory
73 & 75 Church Street Liverpool
opposite the Athenaeum
Artists
Gentlemen

Repository of Arts
The Madonna and Child from the picture by Fra Filippo Lippi in the Accademia delle Arti Florence.
Copied by Herr E. Kaiser.
Chromolithographed by Fritz Frick, Berlin
Arundel Society 1885

Dimensions

Height: 52 cm frame, Width: 47.8 cm frame?

Object history note

This print belonged to the donor's father who was a vicar (possibly J.T. Mitchell of St Bridget's Church in Liverpool).

This print is after 'Virgin and Child' by Filippino Lippi in the Galleria Communale, Prato

Historical context note

The Arundel Society, founded in 1848 was named after Thomas Howard, second Earl of Arundel and Surrey (1548-1646), the great connoisseur and collector. Its aim was to promote a greater knowledge of art through the publication of literary works and reproductions of works of art. Italian decorative and narrative fresco cycles of the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries predominated but classical art was included in the plans from the outset and some examples of the work of Northern European artists were added later.

The subjects were selected by a Council consisting of people influential in the art world, including John Ruskin, the renowned author and art critic. The emphasis, in keeping with wider current thinking, was on providing instruction rather than enjoyment. The prospectus issued in 1849 stated that 'in their execution, that manner will be preferred which most truthfully expresses the original, rather than that which presents the greatest attraction to the eye'.

By the time of the Society's closure in 1897 over two hundred chromolithographs had been circulated. Regular members would have been in possession of a large number of prints and for this reason many examples found their way into school rooms, churches and village halls.

Descriptive line

Madonna and Child; copy after a fresco by Filippino Lippi for the Arundel Society; chromolithograph; 1885

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

'A Study of the Arundel Society 1848-1897'; Tanya Ledger; PhD thesis; St. Hilda's College, Oxford; 1978

Materials

Paper; Printing ink

Techniques

Chromolithography

Subjects depicted

John (Saint John the Baptist); Anthony Abbot (Saint)

Categories

Prints; Religion; Christianity; Paintings

Collection code

PDP

Qr_O188218
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