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Poets on Mount Parnassus

  • Object:

    Print

  • Place of origin:

    Germany (made)

  • Date:

    1873 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Mariannecci, Cesare (copyist)
    Raphael, born 1483 - died 1520 (painter (artist))

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Chromolithograph

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Miss Helen Mitchell

  • Museum number:

    E.140-1998

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Object Type
This is a type of print called a chromolithograph, another word for a colour lithograph and often used to describe reproductive prints. A chromolithograph is produced by applying the design to be printed onto a stone with a greasy chalk. The surface of the stone is then moistened. As grease and water do not combine, the parts already drawn upon repel the water and the untouched parts absorb it. Greasy ink is passed over the surface. The wet parts reject the ink while the greasy parts attract it. The paper on which the image is to be printed is placed on the surface and together they are passed through a press. One stone is used for each colour.

This print was produced for the Arundel Society. The subjects, to be reproduced for subscribers to the Society, were chosen by a council who favoured Italian decorative and narrative fresco cycles of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. Artists were employed to copy these works of art. The watercolours they produced were examined and selected by the council and then forwarded to the printers.

Ownership & Use
Subscribers to the Arundel Society were drawn from many walks of life. By the time of the Society's eventual closure in 1897 over 200,000 chromolithographs had been circulated. Regular members would have been in possession of a large number of prints and for this reason many examples found their way into school rooms, churches and village halls where they can still be found today.

Physical description

The image shows Apollo at its centre sitting under a laurel tree playing a musical instrument, surrounded by nine Muses and other renowned poets.

Place of Origin

Germany (made)

Date

1873 (made)

Artist/maker

Mariannecci, Cesare (copyist)
Raphael, born 1483 - died 1520 (painter (artist))

Materials and Techniques

Chromolithograph

Dimensions

Height: 67.5 cm frame, Width: 68.5 cm frame

Object history note

This print belonged to the donor's father who was a vicar (possibly Canon J.T. Mitchell of St Bridget's Church, Liverpool).

The print is after the original fresco by Raphael in the Stanza della Segnatura, The Vatican Palace, Rome.

Historical context note

The Arundel Society, founded in 1848 was named after Thomas Howard, second Earl of Arundel and Surrey (1548-1646), the great connoisseur and collector. Its aim was to promote a greater knowledge of art through the publication of literary works and reproductions of works of art. Italian decorative and narrative fresco cycles of the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries predominated but classical art was included in the plans from the outset and some examples of the work of Northern European artists were added later.

The subjects were selected by a Council consisting of people influential in the art world, including John Ruskin, the renowned author and art critic. The emphasis, in keeping with wider current thinking, was on providing instruction rather than enjoyment. The prospectus issued in 1849 stated that 'in their execution, that manner will be preferred which most truthfully expresses the original, rather than that which presents the greatest attraction to the eye'.

By the time of the Society's closure in 1897 over two hundred chromolithographs had been circulated. Regular members would have been in possession of a large number of prints and for this reason many examples found their way into school rooms, churches and village halls.

Descriptive line

'Poets on Mount Parnassus'; copy after the painting by Raphael in La Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

'A Study of the Arundel Society 1848-1897'; Tanya Ledger; PhD thesis; St Hilda's College, Oxford; 1978

Materials

Printing ink; Paper

Techniques

Chromolithography

Categories

Prints; Paintings; Images Online

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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