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Souvenirs De La Commune Par Léonce Schérer; L'homme qui était un jour appelé a démolir la Colonne...

  • Object:

    Print

  • Place of origin:

    Paris, France (printed)

  • Date:

    1871 (printed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Schérer, Léonce, born 1827 - died 1876 (caricaturist)
    Barousse (lithographer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hand-coloured lithograph on paper

  • Museum number:

    E.1807-1962

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case GG, shelf 208

  • Download image

Physical description

Print depicting Gustave Courbet, holding a small mallet and hammering at a small pile of stones. He is standing in front of a scene in which the Vendome column is demolished in sections. Print from a set of caricatures, broadsheets and illustrations in ten volumes. Each volume is half-bound in red leather, gold tooled and stamped with imperial emblems, title etc.

Place of Origin

Paris, France (printed)

Date

1871 (printed)

Artist/maker

Schérer, Léonce, born 1827 - died 1876 (caricaturist)
Barousse (lithographer)

Materials and Techniques

Hand-coloured lithograph on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'Souvenirs De La Commune. No.21 Deforet & César, Edit. Rue Nve. des Petits Champs. 64 Lith. Barousse à Paris.'
'L'homme qui était un jour appelé a démolir la Colonne devait commencer par êtrer casseur de pierres.'
'L Schérer'

Dimensions

Height: 26 cm, Width: 16.8 cm

Object history note

Provenance unknown.
Plate 21 from a series of 30 entitled SOUVENIRS DE LA COMMUNE.

Historical context note

As early as September 1870, the French painter Gustave Courbet had urged the demolition of the Vendôme Column on the grounds that it was a symbol of Bonapartism and that it offended his artistic sensibilities. On 12 April 1871, the Commune authorized its destruction, which was carried out with great celebrations on 16 May.

After the war Courbet, who was elected to the Commune at the April by-elections, was sentenced to six months' imprisonment and ordered to pay an enormous fine towards the column's reconstruction. To avoid finding the sum he fled to Switzerland.

Descriptive line

'L'homme qui était un jour appelé a démolir la Colonne...' Satirical illustration by Léonce Schérer depicting Gustave Courbet, holding a small mallet and hammering at a small pile of stones. Hand-coloured lithograph, France, 1871.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Lambert, Susan. The Franco-Prussian War and The Commune in Caricature 1870-71. catalogue of a collection of prints in the possession of the Department of Prints and Drawings of the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1971.
The full text of the entry is as follows:

'127
L'HOMME QUI ÉTAIT UN JOUR APPELÉ A DÉMOLIR LA COLONNE DEVAIT COMMENCER PAR ÊTRE CASSEUR DE PIERRES

Schérer, Léonce (1827-76)
Plate 21 from a series of 30 entitled SOUVENIRS DE LA COMMUNE. Signed L. Schérer. Lettered Deforet & César, Edit. Rue Nve des Petits Champs. 64. Lith. Barousse à Paris. Numbered No. 21. Lithograph, coloured by hand. 10¼ x 6? in. (26 x 16.8cm.). E.1807-1962

As the Vendôme Column heels[sic] over and breaks up into sections Courbet hacks away at a pile of stones. This is a reference to his painting ‘The Stonebreakers’, exhibited at the Salon of 1850-51, which Proudhon later labelled the ‘first socialist painting’.'
Victoria & Albert Museum Department of Prints and Drawings and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1962. London: HMSO, 1964.
The full text of the entry is as follows:
"'FAUSTIN' (pseudonym of Faustin BETBEDER) (born 1847), and other Artists
Caricatures, broadsheets and illustrations (2235) relating to Napoleon III, the Imperial Family, the fall of the Second Empire, the Siege of Paris and the Commune, by 'Faustin' and other artists, 1870-1. In 10 volumes, each half-bound in red leather, gold tooled and stamped with imperial emblems, title etc.
Many lettered with names of artists and printers and with captions.
Lithographs, etchings, mostly coloured by hand. Various sizes

E.43-2277-1962
Among the artists represented in this collection are:
ANDRIEUX, Clément Augustue (1829-1880)
BALLIN, Auguste (born 1842)
BAR, G. (1807-post 1870)
BEAUVERIE, Charles Joseph (1839-1924)
'BERTALL' (pseudonym of Albert d'ARNOUX) (1820-1882)
BOUTET, Henri (1851-c.1920)
'CHAM' (pseudonym of Amédée Charles Henri, Comte de NOÉ) (1819-1879)
CHOUBRAC, Alfred (1853-1902)
COINDRE, Victor (born 1816)
DAUMIER, Honoré (1808-1879)
DAUMONT, Émile Florentin (1834-c.1904)
DEMARE, Henri (1846-1888)
'DRANER' (pseudonym of Jules RENARD) (1833-1898)
FRONDAT, Napoléon Charles Louis de (born 1846)
'GÉDÉON' (pseudonym of Gédéon BARIL) (born 1832) '
'GILL', André (pseudonym of Louis Alexandre GOSSET) (1840-1885)
HADOL, Paul (1835-1875)
HUMBERT, Albert (1835-1886)
'JOB' (pseudonym of Jacques Marie ONFRAY de Bréville) (1858-1931)
KLENK, Paul (born 1844)
LADREYT, Eugène (born 1832)
LALANNE, Maxime (1827-1886)
LE PETIT, Alfred (1841-1909)
LEVY, Alphonse Jacques (1843-1918)
MAILLY, Hippolyte (born 1829)
'MARTIAL' (pseudonym of Adolphe Martial POTÉMONT) (1828-1883)
'MOLOCH' (pseudonym of B. COLOMB) (1849-1909)
'MONTBARD' (pseudonym Charles Auguste LOYE) (1842-1905)
MORLAND, Valère Alphonse (born 1846)
MOYSE, Édouard (born 1827)
'PÉPIN' (pseudonym of Georges LABADIE) (1844-1918)
PIERDON, Francois (1821-1904)
'PILOTELL' (pseudonym of Georges LABADIE) (1844-1918)
REGAMEY, Félix Élie (1844-1907)
ROCHEBRUNE, Octave Guillaume de (1824-1900)
SCHÉRER, Léonce (1827-1876)
SCHOMMER, François (1850-1935)
'TELLIAP' (pseudonym of (?) Fernand PAILLET) (1850-1918)
VERNIER, Charles (1831-1887)
VEYRASSAT, Jules Jacques (1828-1893)
YON, Edmond Charles Joseph (1836-1897)"

Exhibition History

The Franco-Prussian War and The Commune in Caricature 1870-71 (Victoria and Albert Museum 27/05/1971-10/10/1971)

Labels and date

Léonce Schérer (1827-76)

As the Vendôme Column heels over and breaks up into sections Courbet hacks away at a pile of stones. This is a reference to his painting ‘The Stonebreakers’, exhibited at the Salon of 1850-51, which Proudhon later labelled the ‘first socialist painting’.'

Lithograph, coloured by hand.
From a series of 30. E.1807-1962 [27/05/1971-10/10/1971]

Materials

Paper

Techniques

Lithography; Hand colouring

Subjects depicted

Woman; Man; Hat; Vendôme Column; Memorial column; Courbet, Jean Désiré Gustave; Place Vendôme; Pipe (smoking equipment); Dead-blow mallet

Categories

Prints; Caricatures & Cartoons

Collection code

PDP

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Qr_O187491
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