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Agony in the Garden

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Augsburg (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1530-1535 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Kayser, Victor (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    limestone and carved

  • Credit Line:

    Murray Bequest

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Medieval & Renaissance, Room 64, The Wolfson Gallery, case 7

Victor Kayser who became Master in Augsburg seems to have specialised exclusively in small-scale carvings in Solnhofen limestone, giving them a highly polished surface. They either formed elements of altarpieces like this relief or served as individual devotional pieces.

Physical description

Christ, with rays in form of a cross emanating behind his head, kneels against a rocky background, turning to the right. His left arm uis outstretched towards the angel above him, while his right hand is raised. The flying angel holds a chalice surmounted by a cross in his right hand, his left hand expressing a gesture of grief. To Christ's left side is seated St John, resting his head on his hand, while St Peter lies across the foreground with the sword before him. In the foreground on the right St James is seen crouched in profile. Visible in the distance are the walls and towers of Jerusalem; Judas is shown in dialogue with two soldiers, pointing with his right arm towards Christ; other soldiers pass through a gateway, and another figure is shown climbing over the fence next to it

Place of Origin

Augsburg (made)


ca. 1530-1535 (made)


Kayser, Victor (made)

Materials and Techniques

limestone and carved


Height: 28.7 cm, Width: 37.2 cm, Depth: 2 cm

Object history note

Formerly in the collection of Sir Francis Cook, Doughty House, Richmond. Bought in London from F.A.Drey together with A.41-1947 for £750.

Historical significance: Kayser seems to have specialised exclusively in small-scale carvings in Solnhofen limestone, giving them a highly polished surface, unlike marble.

Historical context note

This relief formed part of an altarpiece or served as an individual devotional piece.

Descriptive line

Relief, Agony in the garden; limestone. Swabian (Augusburg), ca. 1530-1535.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Norbert Jopek, German Sculpture 1430-1540. A catalogue of the collection in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2002, cat. no. 40. pp. 92-93.
Müller, T. Zu victor kayser: Nachrut für ein verschollenes Werk. In: Anzeiger des Germanischen Nationalmuseums. Nürnberg, 1976. G. D. 53. p. 78.
Hubel, A. Der Regensburger. München, 1976. p. 77.
Pfeiffer, W. Der entwerf zu einem Augsburger Renaissancerelief. In: Anzeiger des Germanischen Nationalmuseums. 1965. pp. 120-126. note. 16.
Kris, E. Notizen zu Adolf Daucher. In: von Bucher E., Feuchtmayr, K. eds. Augusburger Kunst der Spätgotik und Renaissance. Augusburg, 1928. pp. 431-4. illus. 316.








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