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Architectural drawing

  • Place of origin:

    Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1778-1781 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Soane, John (Sir), born 1753 - died 1837 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Pen and ink with pencil and grey wash.

  • Museum number:

    3307:13

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level H, case 93, shelf E, box 19

This plan of the ground floor forms part of the design by Sir John Soane for the Mausoleum of Earl Chatham. It was completed between 1778 and 1781 while Soane was travelling in Italy in the company of Grand Tourists who had admired Chatham.

Soane had previously drawn upon ideas from Peyre 1765 for the Triumphal Bridge and James King Mausoleum. In the case of the Chatham Mausoleum, Soane borrowed from Peyre's plan for a sepulchral chapel, however, eventually he decided to elongate the chapel in order to provide greater space for internments. He grafted on to the centralised shape a long niche-like projection reminiscent of the Serapaeum of Hadrian's Villa.

The entire evolution of the design is an excellent instance of Soane's eclectic design process at work and other Soane mausoleum designs relate to the Chatham one, including a British Pantheon.

Physical description

Plan of the ground floor.

Place of Origin

Britain (made)

Date

1778-1781 (made)

Artist/maker

Soane, John (Sir), born 1753 - died 1837 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Pen and ink with pencil and grey wash.

Marks and inscriptions

Plan/Early drawing by Sir J. Soane/Mausoleum/J. Soane
Inscribed on page.

Dimensions

Height: 16.3 cm, Length: 12 cm

Object history note

Historical significance: The entire evolution of the design is an excellent instance of Soane's eclectic design process at work and other Soane mausoleum designs relate to the Chatham one, including a British Pantheon.

This drawing was pasted into a copy of John Soane's book Designs for Public and Private Buildings owned by Soane’s assistant Charles James Richardson. Richardson built up a large collection of originals and copies (many of which he executed himself) of his master's designs, and distributed the bulk of them into two folio volumes, interspersed with the printed pages of the book. These volumes were bought by the South Kensington Museum (now the V&A) in 1863.

Descriptive line

Plan of the ground floor for the Earl of Chatham Mausoleum by Sir John Soane, 1778-1781.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

du Prey, P. de la Ruffinière. Sir John Soane: Catalogues of Architectural Drawings in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1985

Techniques

Drawing

Subjects depicted

Mausoleum; Plan

Categories

Architecture

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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