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Medal - Queen Mary II
  • Queen Mary II
    Dishoecke, Jakob van Dieshoecke, born 1678 - died 1702
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Queen Mary II

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    1694 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Dishoecke, Jakob van Dieshoecke, born 1678 - died 1702 (medallist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver

  • Credit Line:

    Presented by Art Fund

  • Museum number:

    408-1907

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This medal commemorates Queen Mary II (1662-1694). The Queen died at Kensington Palace, London. She was the elder daughter of James, Duke of York and Anne Hyde, who had converted to the Roman Catholic faith. Mary was brought up as a strict Protestant by order of King Charles II. In 1677 she was married to her cousin William of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, an important political alliance intended to frustrate French and Catholic influences in England. Following her father's abdication in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, Mary returned to England from the Netherlands to rule alongside William as joint sovereigns.

Although she played no meaningful role in political affairs, Mary championed Protestantism and helped foster the acceptance of her unpopular husband among the English people. She was an enthusiastic patron of court designer Daniel Marot, and took great interest in the decoration and furnishing of her houses and gardens. Queen Mary introduced the fashion for 'China Mania' at Kensington Palace, where her extensive collection of Chinese and Japanese porcelain and Delft, assembled during her eleven years in The Netherlands, was elaborately displayed.

Physical description

Medal depicts on the obverse the bust of Queen Mary II, wife of King William III, facing to the left, draped and a lovelock on the right shoulder. With the inscription: MARIA. D. G. M. BRIT. FRAN. ET. HIB. REG. F. D. P. A.
On the reverse a sarcophagus with a cypress at each corner. In front is a tablet, inscribed: NATA. XXXAP. MDCLXII DENATA. XXVIII. DEC. MDCXCIIII S. V.
Above is a radiated circle of stars; below, on the ground are crowns and sceptres. In exergue: DISHOECKE. F.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

1694 (made)

Artist/maker

Dishoecke, Jakob van Dieshoecke, born 1678 - died 1702 (medallist)

Materials and Techniques

Silver

Marks and inscriptions

'MARIA. D. G. M. BRIT. FRAN. ET. HIB. REG. F. D. P. A.'
obverse

'NATA. XXXAP. MDCLXII DENATA. XXVIII. DEC. MDCXCIIII S. V.'
reverse, inscribed on tablet

'DISHOECKE. F.'
reverse, in exergue

Dimensions

Diameter: 5 cm

Object history note

Medal struck in memory of Queen Mary II, wife of King William III.

Descriptive line

Medal, silver, depicting bust of Queen Mary II, by Jakob van Dishoecke, England, 1694

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Years 1905 - 1908. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum, During the Year 1907, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition with Appendix and Indices. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, 1909, p. 68

Materials

Silver

Subjects depicted

Sceptre; Bust; Sarcophagus; Crown; Stars; Cypress

Categories

Coins & Medals; Portraits; Sculpture; Royalty

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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