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Pectoral mummy panel

  • Place of origin:

    Egypt (made)

  • Date:

    300 BC-30 BC (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Cartonnage, painted

  • Museum number:

    384-1907

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The pectoral is made of a painted cartonnage in convex form, tapering from the straight top to the curved bottom.

The painting comprises the following designs beginning from the top:
A winged sun-disk between two disk-crowned hawk's heads; the usekh necklace; a winged scarabaeus supporting the sun's disk, which is flanked by two sacred eyes and two hawk-headed deities; Isis, winged, holding up two "feathers of truth" flanked by two sacred eyes; she kneels upon a tall pylon inscribed with three columns of hieroglyphics giving part of the deceased's name, Mes........, and flanked by the four Genii of Hades.

The usekh necklace was a common ancient Egyptian jewellery.
Isis was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. She was a national deity in Egypt and in the Hellenistic age also acquired the status as a leading goddess of the Mediterranean world. She was worshipped as the ideal mother and wife, and was the patron of nature and magic.

A pylon is a massive, monumental gateway forming the entrance to an Egyptian temple.
It consists of a pair of towerlike structures with slanting walls flanking the entrance portal. The term may also be used more loosely for any large isolated structure used to mark a boundary like with approaches to bridges or avenues.

Physical description

The pectoral is made of painted cartonnage in convex form, tapering from the straight top to the curved bottom. The colouring is in white, black (for outlines) bright blue, brick red, dull green and brownish yellow. The painting comprises the following designs beginning from the top:
A winged sun-disk between two disk-crowned hawk's heads; the usekh necklace; a winged scarabaeus supporting the sun's disk, which is flanked by two sacred eyes and two hawk-headed deities; Isis, winged, holding up two "feathers of truth" flanked by two sacred eyes; she kneels upon a tall pylon inscribed with three columns of hieroglyphics giving part of the deceased's name, Mes........, and flanked by the four Genii of Hades.

Place of Origin

Egypt (made)

Date

300 BC-30 BC (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Cartonnage, painted

Dimensions

Height: 43 cm, Width: 25 cm above

Object history note

Given by M. Raine Thompson, Esq. 384-1907.

Descriptive line

Pectoral, mummy panel, painted cartonnage, Egypt, Ptolemaic period, ca. 300 BC-30 BC

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Years 1905 - 1908. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum, During the Year 1907, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition with Appendix and Indices. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, 1909, p. 63

Materials

Cartonnage

Techniques

Painting

Subjects depicted

Column; Genii; Sun; Hawk head; Scarabaeus; Hieroglyphics; Eyes; Pylon

Categories

Accessories; Body Art; Personal accessories; Sculpture; Myths & Legends

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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