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Avant la Guerre

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    France (printed)

  • Date:

    1870-1871 (printed)
    1870-1871 (printed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Jaugey, Louis (caricaturist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Lithograph on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case GG, shelf 205

Physical description

Napoleon III depicted as a peacock, with a sash lettered '2 Décembre, 1852'. To his right are several bags of gold, one labelled 'Budjet de La Guerre' and another 'Impôts'. Below the image runs the caption. Print from a set of caricatures, broadsheets and illustrations in ten volumes. Each volume is half-bound in red leather, gold tooled and stamped with imperial emblems, title etc.

Place of Origin

France (printed)


1870-1871 (printed)
1870-1871 (printed)


Jaugey, Louis (caricaturist)

Materials and Techniques

Lithograph on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'AVANT LA GUERRE / Sur l’air de Fleur de Thé'
Title, lettered above design.

'Je bois tout. . . . je mange tout. . . . je fourre ma queue partout . . . . par . . . par . . . partout Louis Jaugey del et imp a Forest lez-Brux. Déposé'
Lettered beneath

'Louis Jaugey. del et imp. a Forest lez-Brux. / Déposé'
Lettered below design.

'No. I.'
Numbered, top-left corner, above design.


Height: 27.3 cm, Width: 22.3 cm

Descriptive line

'Avant la Guerre'. Satirical illustration by Louis Jaugey depicting Napoleon III as a peacock. Lithograph, France, 1870-1871.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Lambert, Susan. The Franco-Prussian War and The Commune in Caricature 1870-71. catalogue of a collection of prints in the possession of the Department of Prints and Drawings of the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1971.
Victoria & Albert Museum Department of Prints and Drawings and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1962. London: HMSO, 1964.

Labels and date

Louis Jaugey

Napoleon III struts resplendent as a peacock with a sash lettered with the date on which he took the title Emperor, across his breast. To his right are several bags of gold, a reference to the heavy taxes imposed to raise money for his unsuccessful quest for 'La Gloire' abroad. The daisy on the diagrammatic cardboard horse to his left refers to his mistress Marguerite Bellanger.

Lithograph. E.257-1962 [27/05/1971-10/10/1971]





Subjects depicted

Coronets (crowns); Caricature; Peacock


Prints; Caricatures & Cartoons


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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