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Apparel from an alb

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1330 - ca. 1350 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Linen, embroidered in silver with silver-gilt and silk thread, applied to velvet

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased from J F de C Andrade

  • Museum number:

    T.92-1963

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Apparels were bands used to decorate the sleeve-ends and hems of vestments worn by Christian clergy. On this example, five saints are shown beneath arches, each holds a book: St. Andrew, St. John the Evangelist, St. James the Greater, St. Bartholomew (who also holds a flaying knife), and St. Matthew. Latin inscriptions beside each figure further identify them. The linen design is embroidered in silver, silver-gilt and silk threads applied to red velvet.

Physical description

Embroidered apparel for an alb. It is of linen, embroidered with silver-gilt and silver thread, coloured silks in split stitch, as well as laid and couched work in red velvet. The embroidery has been sewn down onto a piece of white linen with blue stripes. Around the edge of the velvet is attached a border of linen embroidered in split stitch and couched work with a chequered design in blue, grey and buff silks and metal thread (most of the metal thread has now dissapeared). In the corners are remains of small squares of black velvet embroidered with stars. The design of the main section of embroidery consists of five gothic arches under which stand five saints. All the saint figures are depicted with cloaks and haloes, which are worked in metal thread. In the triangular spaces above the arches are formal leaf motifs in yellow, blue, green and white and metal thread.

Place of Origin

Italy (made)

Date

ca. 1330 - ca. 1350 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Linen, embroidered in silver with silver-gilt and silk thread, applied to velvet

Marks and inscriptions

'S.Ioanni'
Embroidered in one of the five gothic arches in the main section of embroidery.

'S.Andreas P'
Embroidered in one of the five gothic arches in the main section of embroidery.

'S. Iacobus'
Embroidered in one of the five gothic arches in the main section of embroidery.

'S. Mateus'
Embroidered in one of the five gothic arches in the main section of embroidery.

'S. Bartolo'
Embroidered in one of the five gothic arches in the main section of embroidery.

Dimensions

Length: 11.25 in, Width: 20.5 in

Object history note

Registered File number 1963/507

Historical context note

There is an identical alb-apparel at Saint Bertrand de Comminges.

Descriptive line

Embroidered apparel for an alb, Italian, ca. 1300 - ca. 1399

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

De Linas, Charles. In Rapport sue les Anciens Vêtements Sacerdotaux, Paris, 1857, pp70-71.

Materials

Linen thread; Silk; Silver thread

Techniques

Velvet weave; Embroidery

Subjects depicted

Robe; Book; Leaf motifs; Cloaks; Columns (architectural elements); Knife

Categories

Christianity; Ecclesiastical textiles; Embroidery

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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