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Asavari Ragini

  • Object:

    Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Kulu (possibly, made)
    Bahu (possibly, made)
    Punjab Hills (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1700 - ca. 1710 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:

    IS.16-1954

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The painting comes from a Ragamala or 'garland of ragas', a series of pictorial depictions of the various musical modes. An inscription in Takri, a script used in the Punjab Hills, identifies the mode illustrated here as Asavari Ragini, 'wife' of Megha Raga. In this series, the six major ragas are each ascribed five 'wives' - raginis - and eight 'sons', known as ragas or ragaputras. The paintings belonging to each major raga are united by common colours for their backgrounds and margins, and those associated with Megha Raga have yellow borders and chocolate or plum backgrounds. 32 paintings of this boldly-painted series are preserved in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour on paper, a lady sits on a stool, leaning against a cushion. Her left leg is massaged by a kneeling maid. Another maid stands on her left (proper) and fans her with a flywhisk. On either side are trees with creepers. Yellow border, chocolate background. There are inscriptions in Takri on the upper border and on the reverse.

Place of Origin

Kulu (possibly, made)
Bahu (possibly, made)
Punjab Hills (made)

Date

ca. 1700 - ca. 1710 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'asauri ragini megha rage di bharaja'
'Asavari Ragini, wife of Megha Raga'
On upper border, in takri script. Inscription reading published by Archer (1973).

'(asa)uri ragini megha rage di bharaja tria patara. 3'
'Asavari Ragini, wife of Megha Raga, third sheet. (Number) 3'
On reverse, in takri script. Inscription reading published by Archer (1973).

Dimensions

Height: 15.8 cm approx., Width: 15.7 cm approx., Height: 20.8 cm with border, approximate, Width: 20.6 cm with border, approximate

Object history note

From the Sir William Rothenstein collection (residuary).

Descriptive line

Painting, asavari ragini, lady in grove, opaque watercolour on paper, Kulu or Bahu, ca. 1700-1710

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

pp.333-34, cat. no. 13 xxviii
Indian paintings from the Punjab Hills : a survey and history of Pahari miniature painting / by W. G. Archer ; foreword by Sherman E. Lee. London :Delhi: Sotheby Parke Bernet ;Oxford University Press, 1973 Number: 0856670022

Labels and date

ILLUSTRATION TO ASAVARI RAGINI
Opaque water-colour on paper
Kulu or Bahu, Punjab Hills
c.1700-1710

IM 16-1954
From the collection of Sir William Rothenstein

The painting comes from a Ragamala or 'garland of ragas', a series of pictorial depictions of the various musical modes. An inscription in Takri, a script used in the Punjab Hills, identifies the mode illustrated here as Asavari Ragini, 'wife' of Megha Raga. The major ragas are each ascribed 'wives' - raginis - and 'sons'. [06/2008]

Materials

Opaque watercolour; Paint; Paper

Techniques

Painted

Subjects depicted

Music; Woman; Servants; Stool; Fly-whisk; Ragini; Cushion

Categories

Paintings; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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