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Watercolour - Tithe Barn, Great Coxwell, Berkshire
  • Tithe Barn, Great Coxwell, Berkshire
    Piper, John, born 1903 - died 1992
  • Enlarge image

Tithe Barn, Great Coxwell, Berkshire

  • Object:

    Watercolour

  • Place of origin:

    Great Coxwell (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1940 (Painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Piper, John, born 1903 - died 1992 (painter (artist))

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Watercolour painting on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the Pilgrim Trust

  • Museum number:

    E.1121-1949

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level H, case RB, shelf 38

Physical description

Watercolour. A dramatic, almost theatrical image of the Cotswold stone tithe barn in Great Coxwell, the artificially low viewpoint adds to our sense of the barn's imposing bulk and emphasises its church-like form.

Place of Origin

Great Coxwell (made)

Date

ca. 1940 (Painted)

Artist/maker

Piper, John, born 1903 - died 1992 (painter (artist))

Materials and Techniques

Watercolour painting on paper

Dimensions

Height: 38.1 cm, Width: 52.1 cm, Height: 405 mm sheet measured, Width: 529 mm sheet measured, Height: 414 mm board measured, Width: 540 mm board measured

Object history note

This work is from the 'Recording Britain' collection of topographical watercolours and drawings made in the early 1940s during the Second World War. In 1940 the Committee for the Employment of Artists in Wartime, part of the Ministry of Labour and National Service, launched a scheme to employ artists to record the home front in Britain, funded by a grant from the Pilgrim Trust. It ran until 1943 and some of the country's finest watercolour painters, such as John Piper, Sir William Russell Flint and Rowland Hilder, were commissioned to make paintings and drawings of buildings, scenes, and places which captured a sense of national identity. Their subjects were typically English: market towns and villages, churches and country estates, rural landscapes and industries, rivers and wild places, monuments and ruins. Northern Ireland was not covered, only four Welsh counties were included, and a separate scheme covered Scotland.

The scheme was known as 'Recording the changing face of Britain' and was established by Sir Kenneth Clark, then the director of the National Gallery. It ran alongside the official War Artists' Scheme, which he also initiated. Clark was inspired by several motives: at the outbreak of war in 1939, there was a concern to document the British landscape in the face of the imminent threat of bomb damage, invasion, and loss caused by the operations of war. This was allied to an anxiety about changes to the landscape already underway, such as the rapid growth of cities, road building and housing developments, the decline of rural ways of life and industries, and new agricultural practices, which together contributed to the idea of a 'vanishing Britain'. Clark also wanted to help artists, and the traditional forms of British art such as watercolour painting, to survive during the uncertain conditions of wartime. He in turn was inspired by America's Federal Arts Project which was designed to give artists employment during the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Over 1500 works were eventually produced by 97 artists, of whom 63 were specially commissioned. At the time the collection had a propaganda role, intended to boost national morale by celebrating Britain's landscapes and heritage. Three exhibitions were held during the war at the National Gallery, and pictures from the collection were sent on touring exhibitions and to galleries all around the country. After the war, the whole collection was given to the V&A by the Pilgrim Trust in 1949, and it was documented in a four volume catalogue published between 1946 and 1949. For many years the majority of the collection was on loan to councils and record offices in each county, until recalled by the V&A around 1990. The pictures now form a memorial to the war effort, and a unique record of their time.

Descriptive line

Watercolour by John Piper, 'The Tithe Barn, Great Coxwell', from the Recording Britain Collection (Berkshire); ca. 1940.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Catalogue of Drawings in the 'Recording Britain' Collection given by the Pilgrim Trust to the Victoria and Albert Museum published by the Victoria and Albert Museum, Prints, Drawings and Paintings Department, 1951.
Palmer, Arnold, ed. Recording Britain. London: Oxford University Press, 1946-49. Vol 1: London and Middlesex, Surrey, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire. pp.144-145, illus. in colour.
Mellor, David, Gill Saunders and Patrick Wright. Recording Britain: A Pictorial Domesday of Pre-War Britain. Newton Abbot and London: David & Charles in association with the Victoria and Albert Museum, 1990. pp.40-41, illus.
Tyack, Geoffrey, Simon Bradley and Nikolaus Pevsner. The Buildings of England: Berkshire. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010. p.314.
Palmer, Arnold, ed. Recording Britain. London: Oxford University Press, 1946-49. Vol 1: London and Middlesex, Surrey, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire. p.123.
Vikutoria & Arub?to Bijutsukan-z? : eikoku romanshugi kaigaten = The Romantic tradition in British painting, 1800-1950 : masterpieces from the Victoria and Albert Museum / selected by Mark Evans [Japan : Brain Trust], 2002. 185 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 30 cm.
Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Prints and Drawings and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1949, London: HMSO, 1961.
Recording Britain, London, 1946-9. Volume 1, page 145.

Materials

Watercolour; Paper

Techniques

Painting

Subjects depicted

Agricultural Buildings, Tithe Barns; Topographical views

Categories

Recording Britain Collection; Paintings

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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