Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.



  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)
    Parma (worn)

  • Date:

    1800-1867 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Garnet beads with silver terminals and purple silk ribbon

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The dominant colours in Italian traditional jewellery are red and gold. Coral was the most popular material for necklaces, but garnets were also sometimes used, as here. Most Italian traditional necklaces are made of beads, in designs which have been worn for centuries.

In the 19th century Italian women usually used silk ribbons to fasten their necklaces and pendants, but these ribbons were fragile and easily destroyed. Only a trace of the purple ribbons which once fastened this necklace now remains.

This necklace was bought for £4 as part of the Castellani collection of Italian Peasant Jewellery at the International Exhibition, Paris, 1867.

Physical description

Necklace of ten graduated strings of uncut or roughly faceted garnets, with a flat pierced silver terminal at each end. Traces of a purple ribbon attached to each terminal. Thread broken.

Place of Origin

Italy (made)
Parma (worn)


1800-1867 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Garnet beads with silver terminals and purple silk ribbon


Length: 31 cm shortest length, Width: 8.7 cm from top string to bottom string, at centre, Depth: 0.3 cm

Descriptive line

Necklace of garnet beads with silver terminals, Parma (Italy), 1800-1867.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

'Italian Jewellery as worn by the Peasants of Italy', Arundel Society, London, 1868, Plate 2
For a later example, showing the same use of multiple strands of facetted garnet beads, see:
Catalogue, ‘l'Ornamento Prezioso’, Rome/Milan, 1986, Tab.24, fig. 108


Garnet; Silver; Silk


Jewellery; Metalwork; Traditional jewellery (Europe)


Metalwork Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.