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Glazed tile

Glazed tile

  • Place of origin:

    Gaur (Or Gaur (Bangladesh), made)

  • Date:

    late 15th century - early 16th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Glazed earthenware

  • Museum number:

    9363:31/(IS)

  • Gallery location:

    South Asia, Room 41, case J

This is one of a group of fifteenth or sixteenth-century glazed tiles from the ruins of the city of Gaur, Bengal. Muslim rule was established in Eastern India at the beginning of the thirteenth century after the then Hindu capital of Gaur was captured by Muhammad Bakhtyar Khilji in 1198. The Bengali style of Sultanate architecture developed in the region. Although the style synthesised Muslim influences with characteristics derived from local Hindu and Buddhist architecture, such as the rich use of plant details, glazed tiles were a feature of Muslim origin and indeed one used widely across the Muslim world. Pre-Mughal Islamic building in Bengal often use glazed and unglazed tiles as a decorative feature. The earliest dated appearance of glazed tiles at Gaur is on the Eklakhi tomb, generally accepted as the mausoleum of Sultan Jalal al-Din (d.1431). By the late 15th century the use of tiles had become more widespread, although in Bengal still confined to Muslim buildings. The tiles are in a variety of different shapes.

Physical description

Rectangular glazed tile with three stylised flower motifs, the petals curved in a manner somewhat suggestive of a spinning Catherine Wheel, on white on a dark blue ground.

Place of Origin

Gaur (Or Gaur (Bangladesh), made)

Date

late 15th century - early 16th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Glazed earthenware

Dimensions

Height: 5.5 cm approximate, Width: 21.5 cm approximate, Depth: 5.5 cm approximate

Object history note

From the ruins of Gaur.
This object was in the collection of the Indian Museum in London, part of which was in 1879 amalgamated with the collection of the South Kensington Museum (now V&A).

Descriptive line

Glazed Tile: late 15th - early 16th century. Gaur, Bengal.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

pp.44-6
Guy, John and Swallow, Deborah (eds.) Arts of India: 1550-1900. Text by Rosemary Crill, John Guy, Veronica Murphy, Susan Stronge and Deborah Swallow. London : Victoria and Albert Museum, 1990, reprinted 1999. 240 p. : ill. ISBN: 1851770224.

Labels and date

GLAZED TILES
From Gaur, Bengal
Late 15th-early 16th century
Pre-Mughal Islamic building in Bengal often use glazed and unglazed tiles as a decorative feature. The earliest dated appearance of glazed tiles at Gaur is on the Eklakhi tomb, generally accepted as the mausoleum of Sultan Jalal al-Din (d.1431). By the late 15th century the use of tiles had become more widespread, although in Bengal still confined to Muslim buildings.
9364:3
9363:50
9363:56
9363:42
9363:6
9363:31 [ca.1990 or 1997]

Materials

Earthenware

Techniques

Glazed

Subjects depicted

Islamic; Flower

Categories

Ceramics; Architecture; Tiles; India Museum

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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