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Design - MODELES ET TAILLES DE CRISTAUX ANGLAIS

MODELES ET TAILLES DE CRISTAUX ANGLAIS

  • Object:

    Design

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1824 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Engraving on paper bound in an album

  • Credit Line:

    Supported by the Friends of the V&A

  • Museum number:

    E.761:36-2008

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level H, case 93, shelf B, box 160

These designs are for two-branched candelabra, decorated with hanging lustres. They are from a rare pattern book for glass table-ware, candelabra, chandeliers, and metal-mounted pendant lamps, of about 1824. The pattern book is bound in a contemporary leather binding tooled with the letters 'MODELES ET TAILLES DE CRISTAUX ANGLAIS' or models and patterns of English crystal. This suggests that it was compiled as a pattern book for a French retailer of English glass.

John Blades, the London glass manufacturer and merchant, has been suggested as a possible source for these designs. However, many other London firms produced this type of glass, and some Birmingham manufacturers also made similar glass. It is impossible to identify with certainty which firm made the designs.

What is certain, however, is that at this period, about 1820-1830, the English style of cut glass was much admired in France. It is recorded that English cutters went over to France to demonstrate their technique. Perhaps an English cutter took these patterns with him to France where they were bound. This pattern book is a rare document of the trade in English luxury glass products.

Physical description

Two designs for candelabra, with two branches, decorated with hanging lustres.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

1824 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown (made)

Materials and Techniques

Engraving on paper bound in an album

Dimensions

Height: 11.8 cm, Width: 20.8 cm

Historical context note

At this period, about 1820-1830, the English style of cut glass was much admired in France, and it is recorded that English cutters went over to France to teach the French how to do it. Perhaps an English cutter took these patterns with him to France where they were bound.

Descriptive line

Design from a pattern-book of designs for English crystal glass, about 1824

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Smith, John. Modeled [sic] et Tailes [sic] de Cristaux Anglais. The Glass Circle Journal vol. 11, 2009 pp.77-90, ill.83 'Page 12.'

Production Note

Alex Warner (Deputy Head, Later Department, Museum of London) said that the glass manufacturer 'might well be John Blades. However, you need to be careful as there were a number of other considerable manufacturers as well as glass retailers in London at this period. The book might even not relate to London - another strong possibility might be a Birmingham provenance - one of the glass showrooms in the town or a manufacturer such as Harris, Gammon & Co of the Belmont Glass Works.

Here are a few possibles for London
Thomas Bailey - 8 St. Paul's Churchyard (known for china, earthenware and glass - big exporters)
William Collins - 227 Strand
James Davenport - 82 Fleet Street
Green & Co - 35-6 Upper Thames Street
Green & Pellatt - Falcon Glass House
John Illidge -50 High Street, Borough
Humphrey Levi - cut glass and lustre maker
Philip Jacobs - Crown Street Finsbury Square
Thomas Simmons 17 Brownlow St, Holborn - known for chandeliers
Titus Lawler - 19 Haymarket'

Roger Dodsworth, Keeper of Glass, Broadfield House Glass Museum, stated that possible firms from the Stourbridge area in the West Midlands that might have produced these patterns for glass include Hawkes and Richardson. There are Birmingham firms like Osler which might also have produced the patterns.

Materials

Ink; Paper

Techniques

Printing

Subjects depicted

Candelabras

Categories

Designs; Lighting; Glass

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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