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Panel - Virigin and Child and the Coronation of the Virgin
  • Virigin and Child and the Coronation of the Virgin
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Virigin and Child and the Coronation of the Virgin

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    second quarter 14th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Elephant ivory

  • Museum number:

    194-1881

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This ivory panel is carved in high relief with depictions of the Coronation of the Virgin and the Virgin with the infant Saviour with attendant Angels. It originally formed the centre of a triptych. The panel is of somewhat mediocre quality, the execution of the angels, for instance, being clumsy and formulaic and their wings only summarily carved.
The Gothic Triptych was to all intents and purposes a sub-branch of the tabernacle polyptych, with a shallower central panel and two, rather than four, hinged wings. The subject matter was the same, dominated by single images of the standing Virgin and Child and scenes from the infancy of Christ. Triptychs – like diptychs – are better suited to the needs of a travelling clientele, who would wish to take these small portable altars with them as aids to prayer. Some of them were intended to be carried in cases, usually of cuir bouilli (boiled leather).

Physical description

The panel is divided into two tiers. Below, under a trefoil arch with crockets, is the seated Virgin with Child flanked by two candle-bearing angels. The crowned Virgin holds a rose in her right hand and supports the standing Christ-Child on her left knee, with her left foot supported on a small mound. The Child holds an apple in his left hand and blesses with his right. Above under a trefoil arch and crocketed gable, is the Coronation of the Virgin with a flying angel above, emerging from the clouds, are two kneeling angels at the sides, that on the right considerably taller than the other.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

second quarter 14th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Elephant ivory

Dimensions

Height: 18.2 cm at left, Width: 8 cm

Object history note

Purchased 11th May 1881 from a Mrs McDermott (£20), Islington, London. Previous history unknown.

Descriptive line

Panel, ivory, of a triptych, with the Virigin and Child and the Coronation of the Virgin, France, second quarter of the 14th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Koechlin, R. Les Ivoires Gothiques Francais. I, 1924, p. 136, II, no. 188
List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington Museum acquired during the Year 1881. London, 1882, p. 18
part 1, pp. 188, 9
Williamson, Paul and Davies, Glyn, Medieval Ivory Carvings, 1200-1550, (in 2 parts), V&A Publishing, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2014
Williamson, Paul and Davies, Glyn, Medieval Ivory Carvings, 1200-1550, (in 2 parts), V&A Publishing, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2014, part 1, pp. 188, 9, cat. no. 59

Materials

Ivory

Subjects depicted

Angels; Rose; Apple

Categories

Religion; Christianity; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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