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Miniature
  • Miniature
    Zincke, Christian Friedrich, born 1683 - died 1767
  • Enlarge image

Miniature

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1710 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Zincke, Christian Friedrich, born 1683 - died 1767 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Enamel on copper

  • Credit Line:

    The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Collection on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

  • Museum number:

    LOAN:GILBERT.288-2008

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

John Churchill (1650-1722), was a great military leader who supported William of Orange during the overthrow of James II. Serving Queen Anne, he later defeated the Franco-Bavarian army at the Battle of Blenheim in 1704.

Continental artists first introduced enamel painting to England in the 17th century, however it became particularly fashionable in the early 18th century. The young German Christian Friedrich Zincke was one of the most important enamel painters of the period and went on to train other significant artists such as William Prewett and Jeremiah Meyer.

Sir Arthur Gilbert and his wife Rosalinde formed one of the world's great decorative art collections, including silver, mosaics, enamelled portrait miniatures and gold boxes. Arthur Gilbert donated his extraordinary collection to Britain in 1996.

Physical description

Oval portrait miniature of John, Duke of Marlborough, wearing a blue cape and the collar of the Order of the Garter. The miniature is enamel on copper and the frame is engraved with an inscription.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

ca. 1710 (made)

Artist/maker

Zincke, Christian Friedrich, born 1683 - died 1767 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Enamel on copper

Marks and inscriptions

Engraved 'John Duke of Marlborough'
On back of frame

Dimensions

Height: 9.28 cm, Width: 6.31 cm, Depth: 1.13 cm

Object history note

Provenance: Spencer family, Althorp. S.J. Phillips, London, 01/08/1997.

Descriptive line

Enamel miniature on copper of John, Duke of Marlborough, England, ca. 1710, by Christian Frederick Zincke.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Coffin, Sarah and Bodo Hofstetter. Portrait Miniatures in Enamel. London: Philip Wilson Publishers Ltd. in association with the Gilbert Collection, 2000. 168 p., ill. Cat. no. 65, pp. 115-116. ISBN 0856675334.

Labels and date

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
About 1710

John Churchill (1650–1722) was a military leader who
supported William III of Orange during the overthrow
of James II. Serving Queen Anne, he later defeated the
Franco-Bavarian army at the Battle of Blenheim in 1704.
England; Christian Friedrich Zincke (about 1683–1767)

Enamel on copper in gilded metal frame
Engraved on back of frame ‘John Duke of Marlborough’
Museum no. Loan:Gilbert.288-2008 [2009]

Materials

Enamel; Copper

Techniques

Enamelling

Categories

Enamels; Metalwork; Portraits

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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