Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Miniature

Miniature

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    1645-1650 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Prieur, Paul (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Enamel on gold, frame a silver-copper alloy

  • Credit Line:

    The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Collection on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

  • Museum number:

    LOAN:GILBERT.295-2008

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The artist Paul Prieur probably learned enamel painting in Paris around 1640. He worked at the Danish court from 1655, where he was the first to produce portrait miniatures in enamel. Here he has applied the colours in small dots, a technique known as 'stippling'.

In the 17th century, new techniques of painting enamels allowed delicate portraits resembling tiny oil paintings to be created. These enamel miniatures were first fashionable in continental Europe, but were particularly in vogue in Britain from the 1720s to 1760s. Painted enamels were made by firing finely milled glass which had been coloured with metal oxides onto a metal base, usually gold or copper. The colours had to be applied and fired in several stages, according to the firing temperature required by each colour. Incredible precision was needed for a successful enamel portrait, since each firing carried risks of cracks and bubbles that might ruin the entire effort.

Sir Arthur Gilbert and his wife Rosalinde formed one of the world's great decorative art collections, including silver, mosaics, enamelled portrait miniatures and gold boxes. Arthur Gilbert donated his extraordinary collection to Britain in 1996.

Physical description

Oval portrait miniature of a gentleman with long brown hair and a slight moustache wearing a white lawn collar, a white shirt with a black slashed doublet. The miniature is enamel on gold and the frame is a silver copper alloy.

Place of Origin

Paris (possibly, made)

Date

1645-1650 (made)

Artist/maker

Prieur, Paul (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Enamel on gold, frame a silver-copper alloy

Dimensions

Height: 4.6 cm, Width: 3.4 cm, Depth: 0.84 cm

Object history note

Provenance: Dr. Adolf List Collection, Magdeburg. Sale, Hans W. Lange, Berlin, lot 511, 28-30 March 1939. Galerie Dr. Hans Rudolph, Hamburg, Hotel Atlantic, lot 180, 28-29 September 1950. Günther Muthmann Collection, Wuppertal. Sale, Sotheby's Zurich, lot 35, 17/05/1979.

Descriptive line

Enamel miniature on gold, in a silver-copper alloy frame, Paris, 1645-50, by Paul Prieur.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Coffin, Sarah and Bodo Hofstetter. Portrait Miniatures in Enamel. London: Philip Wilson Publishers Ltd. in association with the Gilbert Collection, 2000. 168 p., ill. Cat. no. 45, pp. 94-95. ISBN 0856675334.
Schroder, Timothy, ed. The Gilbert Collection at the V&A. London (V&A Publishing) 2009, p. 86, plate 66. ISBN9781851775934

Labels and date

3. Man in black doublet
1645–50

The painter of this miniature has applied colour in small dots in a technique known as ‘stippling’.

Possibly Paris, France; probably Paul Prieur (about 1620–84)
Enamel on gold in later silver-copper alloy frame
Museum no. Loan:Gilbert.295-2008 [16/11/2016]
Man in black doublet
1645–50

The painter has applied the colours in small dots, a
technique known as ‘stippling’. Paul Prieur probably
learned enamel painting in Paris. He introduced enamel
portrait miniatures to the Danish court, where he
worked from 1655.

Possibly Paris, France; probably Paul Prieur
(about 1620–about 1684)
Enamel on gold in later silver-copper alloy frame
Museum no. Loan:Gilbert.295-2008 [2009]

Materials

Enamel; Gold; Alloy

Techniques

Framing; Painting

Subjects depicted

Male

Categories

Enamels; Metalwork; Portraits

Collection

Metalwork Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.