French Horn thumbnail 1
French Horn thumbnail 2
+10
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Image of Gallery in South Kensington
Not currently on display at the V&A
On display at the Horniman Museum, London

French Horn

1826-1827 (made)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

This French horn was made by Marcel-Auguste Raoux (1795–1871), who produced prize-winning horns and performed in the band of the French Imperial Guard and orchestra of the Théâtre Italien in Paris. The Raoux family were one of France’s leading makers of brass instruments and had enjoyed royal patronage from 1690 onwards. This instrument is made for a left-handed player and originally belonged to Giovanni Puzzi (1797–1876) an Italian-born virtuoso, whose career flourished in both Paris and London. He could boast of having been employed by both Napoleon and the Duke of Wellington, and this horn was said to have been presented to him by the King of France, most likely Charles X (reigned 1826–1830).

On loan to the Horniman Museum.


object details
Category
Object Type
Parts
This object consists of 6 parts.

  • French Horn
  • French Horn
  • French Horn
  • Mouthpiece
  • French Horn
  • French Horn
Materials and Techniques
Brass with silver mounts, painted green and gilt lacquer decoration inside the bell of the horn
Brief Description
French horn, brass with silver mounts and green lacquer decoration inside the bell, France, 1826 or 1827, by Marcel-Auguste.Raoux (1795-1871).
Physical Description
"Horn with medial crooks. Brass with silver mounts. The interior of the bell is painted with a design [frieze of oak-leaves] with green lacquer. Five crooks, for D, E flat, E, F and G, and a contemporary mouthpiece made from sheet silver. The horn is built for playing with the left hand in the bell" - Anthony Baines:Catalogue of Musical Instruments in the Victoria and Albert Museum - Part II: Non-keyboard instruments. (London, 1998), p. 107
Dimensions
  • Hoop diameter: 28cm
  • Bell mouth diameter: 28cm
Taken from Anthony Baines: Catalogue of Musical Instruments in the Victoria and Albert Museum - Part II: Non-keyboard instruments. (London, 1998), p. 107.
Marks and Inscriptions
Raoux, bréveté seul Fournisseur du Roi, rue Serpente à Paris (Inscribed on the bell of the rim.)
Credit line
Given by Lieutenant-General Vittorio Elia
Object history
This instrument was owned by Giovanni Puzzi (1797 - 1876) and presented to the Victoria & Albert Museum by his grandson, General Vittorio Elia.

Production
"Formerly the property of ... Giovanni Puzzi (1792-1876) and said to have been presented to him by Louis XVIII [reigned 1814-1826], though in the opinion of Mr R. Morely-Pegge, the leading modern historian of the horn, the donor is more likely to have been Charles X [reigned 1826-1830]. See R.Morley-Pegge, The French Horn (London, 1960)". - Anthony Baines:Catalogue of Musical Instruments in the Victoria and Albert Museum - Part II: Non-keyboard instruments. (London, 1998), p. 107. Dr Bradley Strauchen (Horniman Museum) dates it '1826 or 1827'.
Subject depicted
Summary
This French horn was made by Marcel-Auguste Raoux (1795–1871), who produced prize-winning horns and performed in the band of the French Imperial Guard and orchestra of the Théâtre Italien in Paris. The Raoux family were one of France’s leading makers of brass instruments and had enjoyed royal patronage from 1690 onwards. This instrument is made for a left-handed player and originally belonged to Giovanni Puzzi (1797–1876) an Italian-born virtuoso, whose career flourished in both Paris and London. He could boast of having been employed by both Napoleon and the Duke of Wellington, and this horn was said to have been presented to him by the King of France, most likely Charles X (reigned 1826–1830).



On loan to the Horniman Museum.

Bibliographic References
  • Anthony Baines: Catalogue of Musical Instruments in the Victoria and Albert Museum - Part II: Non-keyboard instruments. (London, 1998), p. 107.
  • R.Morley-Pegge: The French Horn. (London, 1960), p. 165.
  • Elizabeth Bradley Strauchen: Giovanni Puzzi: His Life and Work. A View of Horn Playing and Musical Life in England from 1817 into the Victorian Era (c. 1855)/ Unpublished D.Phil in Music History, Oxford, 2000.
Collection
Accession Number
W.83 to E-1926

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record createdJune 23, 2008
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