Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Duryodhana and Salya

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Mughal Empire (made)

  • Date:

    ca.1598 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Kamal, born 16 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This painting has been detached from an illustrated volume of the Razmnama, or Book of War, the Persian translation of the Mahabharata. This Sanskrit text was translated by order of the emperor Akbar so that the Persian-speaking Muslims of his court could understand the major texts of Hinduism. Another painting from the same copy of the manuscript, which was illustrated by Akbar's artists, is dated 1598. The name of the artist, 'Kamal, son of Khem' is written in the lower border.
The scene depicts Duryodhana who has gone with his brothers to the house of Salya to ask him to be Kama's charioteer in the great war of the title of the epic.

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour and gold on paper, four lines of Persian text are at the top of the page, above a scene of two kings on a gold throne, surrounded by courtiers and servants. The inscription in the border at the bottom includes the name of the artist, Kamal, son of Khem. The scene is an illustration from the Razm-nama (Persian translation of the Mahabharata), depicting Duryodhana going with several brothers to the house of Salya, asking him to be Kama's charioteer in the great war. Salya and Duryodhana sit together on the same throne.

Place of Origin

Mughal Empire (made)


ca.1598 (made)


Kamal, born 16 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper


Height: 21.9 cm painting, Width: 12.7 in painting, Height: 30.4 cm page, Width: 16.9 cm page

Object history note

Accession file: 22/3859 Messrs L. Chaundy of Oxford, Lea., 2 Albemarle Street, W1

Descriptive line

Painting, Razm-nama, Duryodhana visits Salya, by Karnal, opaque watercolour and gold on paper, Mughal, 1598

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Susan Stronge, Painting for the Mughal Emperor. The Art of the Book 1560-1650, V&A Publications, 2002, pl. 60, p. 92.

Production Note

Mughal empire


Opaque watercolour; Paint; Gold; Paper



Subjects depicted

Throne; King


Paintings; Illustration; Hinduism; Religion; Myths & Legends; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project


South & South East Asia Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.