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Duryodhana and Salya

  • Object:

    Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Mughal Empire (made)

  • Date:

    ca.1598 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Kamal, born 16 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper

  • Museum number:

    CIRC.243-1922

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This painting has been detached from an illustrated volume of the Razmnama, or Book of War, the Persian translation of the Mahabharata. This Sanskrit text was translated by order of the emperor Akbar so that the Persian-speaking Muslims of his court could understand the major texts of Hinduism. Another painting from the same copy of the manuscript, which was illustrated by Akbar's artists, is dated 1598. The name of the artist, 'Kamal, son of Khem' is written in the lower border.
The scene depicts Duryodhana who has gone with his brothers to the house of Salya to ask him to be Kama's charioteer in the great war of the title of the epic.

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour and gold on paper, four lines of Persian text are at the top of the page, above a scene of two kings on a gold throne, surrounded by courtiers and servants. The inscription in the border at the bottom includes the name of the artist, Kamal, son of Khem. The scene is an illustration from the Razm-nama (Persian translation of the Mahabharata), depicting Duryodhana going with several brothers to the house of Salya, asking him to be Kama's charioteer in the great war. Salya and Duryodhana sit together on the same throne.

Place of Origin

Mughal Empire (made)

Date

ca.1598 (made)

Artist/maker

Kamal, born 16 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper

Dimensions

Height: 21.9 cm painting, Width: 12.7 in painting, Height: 30.4 cm page, Width: 16.9 cm page

Object history note

Accession file: 22/3859 Messrs L. Chaundy of Oxford, Lea., 2 Albemarle Street, W1

Descriptive line

Painting, Razm-nama, Duryodhana visits Salya, by Karnal, opaque watercolour and gold on paper, Mughal, 1598

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Susan Stronge, Painting for the Mughal Emperor. The Art of the Book 1560-1650, V&A Publications, 2002, pl. 60, p. 92.

Production Note

Mughal empire

Materials

Opaque watercolour; Paint; Gold; Paper

Techniques

Painted

Subjects depicted

Throne; King

Categories

Paintings; Illustration; Hinduism; Religion; Myths & Legends; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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