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Dish

  • Place of origin:

    London (assayed)

  • Date:

    1739-1740 (hallmarked)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Wickes, George (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Raised, cast, chased, punched and engraved silver-gilt.

  • Credit Line:

    The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Collection on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

  • Museum number:

    LOAN:GILBERT.718-2008

  • Gallery location:

    Gold, Silver and Mosaics, Room 71, The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Galleries, case 4, shelf 1

This magnificent dish, one of a pair, is engraved with the arms of Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-51), although the applied ornament is quite conservative for this date. It is from a set ordered by THomas Lumley Saunderson, 3rd Earl of Scarborough, treasurer to the Prince, who wanted to commemorate this relationship.

When Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685, Huguenots (French Protestants) were forced to leave the country. Many were craftsmen who settled in London. Their technical skills and fashionable French style ensured the luxury silver, furniture, watches and jewellery they made were highly sought after. Huguenot specialists transformed English silver by introducing higher standards of craftsmanship. George Wickes produced silver of a comparable quality and may have collaborated with second generation Huguenot goldsmiths in the production of newly introduced forms, such as the soup tureen and sauceboat, and a new repertoire of ornament, with cast sculptural details and exquisite engraving.

Sir Arthur Gilbert and his wife Rosalinde formed one of the world's great decorative art collections, including silver, mosaics, enamelled portrait miniatures and gold boxes. Arthur Gilbert donated his extraordinary collection to Britain in 1996.

Physical description

Circular, silver-gilt dish with gadrooned border chased at intervals with leaves within an applied band of scrolling strapwork and foliage on punched ground, the centre engraved with the Royal coat of arms and Garter motto.

Place of Origin

London (assayed)

Date

1739-1740 (hallmarked)

Artist/maker

Wickes, George (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Raised, cast, chased, punched and engraved silver-gilt.

Marks and inscriptions

Engraved with the coat of arms of Frederick, Prince of Wales the Royal Motto ICH DIEN and the Garter motto HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE.
'I serve' and 'shame on him who thinks evil of it'

London hallmarks for 1739-40

sponsor's mark of George Wickes

Dimensions

Diameter: 31 cm, Depth: 2.4 cm, Weight: 1120 g

Object history note

Provenance: Thomas Lumley-Saunderson, third earl of Scarbrough. Sir Philip Sassoon, Bart. The Trustees of the Cholmondeley Settlement, Houghton Hall, Norfolk; sale, Christie's, London, 11 July 1984, lot 355.

Historical context note

These dishes celebrated Thomas Lumley-Sanderson's appointments to Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales. He served the Prince as Equerry from 1726-7 and as Treasurer and Comptroller of the Household from May 1738. He took his seat as 3rd Earl of Scarbrough in the House of Lords on 14 February 1739/40. They are from a group of eleven dishes and eighteen plates referred to in WIckes's ledgers under the account of Lord Scarbrough. The eleven dishes weighed 470 ounces and 15 pennyweights, priced at 7 shillings 6 pence per ounce with a total cost of £176 10 shillings and 6 pence; the engraving of the heraldry cost £1 for eight of the dishes and £1 10 shillings for the three larger dishes and the associated plates in the set. The cost of gilding the dishes was 2 shillings per ounce and came to a total of £87 1 shilling. Gilded silver dishes were often used in serving dessert.

Descriptive line

Silver-gilt dish, London hallmarks for 1739-40, mark of George Wickes

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Barr, Elaine. George Wickes. 1698-1761: Royal Goldsmith. New York: Rizzoli International Publications 1980, pp. 149-150, fig. 95. London: Studio Vista/Christie's; Schroder, Timothy. The Gilbert collection of gold and silver, Los Angeles (Los Angeles County Museum of Art) 1988, cat. no. 61, pp. 239-241. ISBN.0875871445
Clayton, Michael. Christie's pictorial history of English and American silver. Oxford: Phaidon/Christie's, 1985, p. 146, no. 2. ISBN.0714880183
Brett, Vanessa. The Sotheby's Directory of Silver, 1600-1940. London: Sotheby Publications, 1986, pl. 848 (another from the set).
Schroder, Timothy. The Gilbert collection of gold and silver. Los Angeles (Los Angeles County Museum of Art) 1988, cat. no.61, pp. 239-41. ISBN.0875871445

Labels and date

(Gallery 71, case 4)
1, 5. Pair of dishes
1739–40
These magnificent dishes are engraved with the arms of Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707–51). They are from a set ordered by the Earl of Scarbrough, treasurer to the Prince, who wanted to commemorate his royal appointment. These dishes are similar to other objects made 20 years earlier. Their traditional style reflects Scarbrough’s personal taste.
London, England; George Wickes (1698–1761)
Gilded silver
Museum nos. Loan:Gilbert.718, 719-2008 [16/11/2016]

Materials

Silver-gilt

Techniques

Raising; Casting; Chasing; Punching; Engraving (incising); Gilding

Subjects depicted

Foliage; Scrolling foliage; Coats of arms; Gadrooning

Categories

Metalwork

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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