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Figure - The Virgin and the Angel Gabriel, St James the Greater and St. Simon
  • The Virgin and the Angel Gabriel, St James the Greater and St. Simon
  • Enlarge image

The Virgin and the Angel Gabriel, St James the Greater and St. Simon

  • Object:

    Figure

  • Place of origin:

    Lower Saxony (made)

  • Date:

    1360-90 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved oak in high relief

  • Museum number:

    4848-1856

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture 1300-1600, Room 26, case WN

These figures are made ca 1360-1390 in Northern Germany, Lower Saxony.

The figures originally belonged to a now-dismantled winged altarpiece once in the Johanneskirche in Lüneburg, Germany. It was dismantled in 1856.

This altarpiece probably showed the Coronation of the Virgin (now in the Lüneburger Museum) at its centre, with standing figures of St John the Evangelist (still in the Johanneskirche), St Bartholomew and St Benedict (now in the Niedersächsische Landesgalerie, Hanover) have also survived.

Physical description

Carved oak in high relief of Gabriel, bearing a lily in his hand.

Place of Origin

Lower Saxony (made)

Date

1360-90 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved oak in high relief

Dimensions

Height: 77.47 cm

Object history note

From the Johanniskirche, Lueneburg, until 1856, bought in 1856; vendor not recorded

The figures originally belonged to a now-dismantled winged altarpiece once in the Johanneskirche in Lüneburg, Germany. It was dismantled in 1856.

This altarpiece probably showed the Coronation of the Virgin (now in the Lüneburger Museum) at its centre, with standing figures of St John the Evangelist (still in the Johanneskirche), St Bartholomew and St Benedict (now in the Niedersächsische Landesgalerie, Hanover) have also survived.

Historical significance: This altarpiece probably showed the Coronation of the Virgin (now in the Lüneburger Museum) at its centre, with standing figures of St John the Evangelist (still in the Johanneskirche), St Bartholomew and St Benedict (now in the Niedersächsische Landesgalerie, Hanover) have also survived.This figure originally belonged to a now-dismantled altarpiece once in the Johanniskirche in Lueneburg.

Historical context note

The figures originally belonged to a now-dismantled winged altarpiece once in the Johanneskirche in Lüneburg, Germany. It was dismantled in 1856.

Descriptive line

Figure in carved oak in high relief of the Archangel Gabriel, German, 14th or 15th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Inventory of Art Objects Acquired in the Year 1856. In: Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, Arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol I. London: Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 24
Williamson, Paul and Evelyn, P. Northern Gothic Sculpture 1200-1450. London, 1988, cat. nos. 41-44.
Sommer, J. 'Die Sieben Figuren von Satemin. Fragmente eines vermutlich gegen 1340 in Lueneburg geschnitzten Fluegelaltars'. In: Niederdeutsche Beitraege zur Kunstgeschichte, III, 1964, pp. 275-84, pls. 216-19

Labels and date

St James the Greater,
the Virgin and the Angel
Gabriel, St Simon
About 1360–90
The figures belonged to a now-dismantled winged
altarpiece in the church of St John in Lüneburg. Until 1856,
the church had over forty altarpieces. This one probably
showed the Coronation of the Virgin, with standing
figures to each side. Their robes were originally gilded
to emulate the richness of goldsmiths’ work.
Northern Germany, Lower Saxony
Oak
Museum nos. 4845, 4847, 4848, 4846-1856 [26/111/2010]

Materials

Oak

Techniques

Carving; High relief

Categories

Christianity; Religion; Sculpture; Woodwork

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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