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Gig

  • Date:

    1675-1710 (made)

  • Museum number:

    7117-1860

  • Gallery location:

    On display at Maidstone Museum, Kent

On loan to Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages.

Physical description

Italian (Neapolitan or Sicilian); early 18th century.
Wood, carved with festoons, grotesque figures, etc., painted and gilt.

The upholstery, in Renaissance style silk was probably put on at the time of acquisition.

Date

1675-1710 (made)

Dimensions

Height: 160 cm, Length: 449.6 cm, Width: 139.7 cm

Historical context note

The light, two-wheel design demonstrated by this object is called a ‘gig’. Usually driven by a single horse, a gig was desirable due to the ease which it could be turned around and the comfort provided by its superior suspension. The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first known written reference to a horse-drawn gig as 1791, reaching great popularity in the 19th century. The Carriage Foundation calls Italian gigs of this type sediolas, stating that they were a popular choice of carriage for wealthy gentlemen in large cities .

Comparative Objects:
- Carriage Collection Museum in Stony Brook, New York, USA, Catalogue Number 212
- Museo Civico, Bassano di Grappa
- Musee Nationale de la Voiture et du Tourisme (Depot du Musee de Cluny), Compiegne
- Museo Civico d'Arte Medievale e Moderna, Modena
- Eugenio Colletta, Caronno Pertusella, Italy
- Ca Rezzonico

Descriptive line

Italian, 1675-1710, painted, gilt, 67/17

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Sediola: Type of large gig popular inFrance and Italy during the 18th century. Dead axle, its only suspension being from long, highly flexible shafts. Round backed with high wheels.
D.J.M Smith, Dictionary of Horse Drawn Vehicles, London, 1988 - Seite 145.

Categories

Transport

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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