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  • Place of origin:

    Punjab Plains (made)

  • Date:

    first quarter 18th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted and drawn in ink on paper with opaque watercolour

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    South Asia, Room 41, case E1

Physical description

Painting, ink on paper with opaque watercolour, three seated Sikh sardars, Nahar Singh, Karam Singh and Lehna Singh. The three chiefs are seated in a row, all bearded, with white turbans. Two wear shawls over their white jamas. They are identified by inscriptions. Nahar (or Nahad) Singh acquired the ilaka (territory) of Anandpur and Makhowal worth 3 lakhs a year, Karam Singh was a Sidhu Jat of a village of Lahore; he commanded nearly 300 horses, and took possession of a number of villages in the parghanas of Shahzadpur and Kesari in Ambala district. Lehna Singh was amongst the Lahore Chiefs who negotiated with James Brown in 1783.

Place of Origin

Punjab Plains (made)


first quarter 18th century (made)



Materials and Techniques

Painted and drawn in ink on paper with opaque watercolour

Marks and inscriptions

'nahar singh karam singh lehna singh'
Names all in Gurmukhi script, inscribed next to subjects, translated by Dr Usha Bhatia.


Height: 227 mm page maximum, Width: 147 mm page, Height: 245 mm card onto which object mounted, Width: 165 mm card onto which object mounted

Object history note

Bought from Christie's South Kensington in 1986 (86/1736)

Descriptive line

Painting, three Sikh sardars, ink and watercolour on paper, Punjab Plains, first quarter of 18th century


Ink; Paper; Opaque watercolour


Painted; Drawn

Subjects depicted



Paintings; Sikhism; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project


South & South East Asia Collection

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