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Print - Kugel in der Kugel
  • Kugel in der Kugel
    Nees, Georg, born 1926 - died 2016
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Kugel in der Kugel

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Germany (probably, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1970 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Nees, Georg, born 1926 - died 2016 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Screenprint on paper, mounted on board

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the Computer Arts Society, supported by System Simulation Ltd, London

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case 3H, shelf 23

Georg Nees (born 1926, Nuremberg) is considered one of the founders of computer art and graphics. He was also one of the first people to exhibit his computer graphics, at the studio gallery of the Technische Hochschule in Stuttgart in February 1965.

Nees studied mathematics and physics at the universities of Erlangen-Nuremberg and Stuttgart. He subsequently worked for Siemens as a software engineer, and was instrumental in their purchasing a 'Zuse Graphomat', a drawing machine operated by computer-generated punched tape. The machine was capable of creating geometric patterns and, although the programming language that Nees used (ALGOL) was designed specifically for scientific computers, Nees used it to create aesthetic images such as this one.

In 1969 he received his doctorate on the subject of Generative Computer Graphics under Max Bense, the German philosopher and writer.

Physical description

Orange and black screenprint, mounted on board, from a plotter drawing. This print depicts line drawings of two globe- like forms, one inside the other.

Place of Origin

Germany (probably, made)


ca. 1970 (made)


Nees, Georg, born 1926 - died 2016 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Screenprint on paper, mounted on board

Marks and inscriptions

Computer text in lower right side, referring to the digital computer used in the creation of this work.


Height: 75.2 cm, Width: 68.7 cm

Descriptive line

Screenprint from a plotter drawing, 'Kugel in der Kugel', ca. 1970, by Georg Nees.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Herzogenrath, Wulf and Nierhoff-Wielk, Barbara, eds. Ex-Machina - Frühe Computergrafik bis 1979. Munich: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2007. 442 p., ill. ISBN 978-3-422-06689-2.

Production Note

Attribution note: Software: ALGOL program.
Hardware: Siemens - digital computers 2002.
Output device: ZUSE-Graphomat Z64


Printing ink; Mounting board


Screenprinting; Plotter drawing


Prints; Computer Art


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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