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Plaque - female classical head and a winged female figure of the goddess Terina
  • female classical head and a winged female figure of the goddess Terina
    Lucas, Richard Cockle, born 1800 - died 1883
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female classical head and a winged female figure of the goddess Terina

  • Object:

    Plaque

  • Place of origin:

    Britain (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1840 - ca. 1865 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Lucas, Richard Cockle, born 1800 - died 1883 (sculptor)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Ivory in relief

  • Museum number:

    187-1865

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is an ivory plaque made by Richard Cockle Lucas in the 19th century in England. The plaque is carved in high relief with two subjects: a female classical head, and a winged female figure, representing the goddess Terina.

Richard Cockle Lucas (1800-1883) is mainly known as a sculptor in wax and ivory, but he also worked in glass, marble and bronze, as well as being a painter. Lucas began his career as a sculptor as an apprentice to his uncle, who worked as a cutler in Winchester, carving knife handles. He joined the Royal Academy Schools in 1828 and studied under Richard Westmacott. Lucas made two models of the Parthenon, in its original state and after the explosion of 1687, which were acquired by the British Museum. He is best known for his small scale works including wax sculptures and ivory carvings. Lucas was at the centre of a controversy about the bust of Flora in the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin. The bust was thought to be an authentic work by Leonardo da Vinci but the sculptor's son Albert Dürer Lucas claimed in the Burlington Magazine that the bust was modelled by his father. It is now generally thought that the bust is probably by Leonardo or his circle but was repaired by Lucas. He exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1829 and 1859 and showed ivory carvings and imitation bronzes at the Great Exhibition in 1851.

Physical description

Plaque carved in high relief with two subjects, a female classical head, and a winged female figure seated on an amphora, holding a caduceus in her right hand, and a bird perched on her left. The female wears a headband and necklace, with half a laurel wreath around the rim of the frame. The scene is inscribed with the ancient Greek word TEPINAIO. The background has been coloured blue.

Place of Origin

Britain (made)

Date

ca. 1840 - ca. 1865 (made)

Artist/maker

Lucas, Richard Cockle, born 1800 - died 1883 (sculptor)

Materials and Techniques

Ivory in relief

Marks and inscriptions

'TEPINAIO'
[Terinaio] 'of, or to, the goddess Terina'

Dimensions

Height: 7.9 cm, Width: 14 cm

Object history note

Given by the artist Lord Palmerstone in 1865, one of 33 works by Lucas received by Redgrave on behlaf of the Museum on 17 June 1865.

Descriptive line

Plaque, ivory relief, with a female classical head and a winged female figure of the goddess Terina, by Richard Cockle Lucas, British, ca. 1840-1865

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Longhurst, Margaret H. Catalogue of Carvings in Ivory. London: Published under the Authority of the Board of Education, 1927-1929, Part II, p. 124
Inventory of Art Objects acquired in the Year 1865. Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol. 1 London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 33
Trusted, Marjorie, Baroque & Later Ivories, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 2013, cat. no. 183

Materials

Ivory

Techniques

Carving

Subjects depicted

Iris; Winged female; Female head

Categories

Plaques & Plaquettes; Sculpture; Reliefs

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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