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Mug
  • Mug
    Unknown Radford, Thomas Thomas Fletcher & Co Louis
  • Enlarge image

Mug

  • Place of origin:

    Staffordshire (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1793 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown
    Radford, Thomas
    Thomas Fletcher & Co
    Louis (XVI, King of France)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Lead-glazed earthenware transfer-printed with black enamel

  • Credit Line:

    Transferred from the Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Street

  • Museum number:

    3638-1901

  • Gallery location:

    Europe 1600-1815, Room 1, case CA11

The transfer-printed design on this mug is one of two representations of Louis XVI taking leave of his family before his execution found on English creamware. Both are clearly sympathetic to the King's plight, and there are a further three designs showing the execution itself. Such subjects were evidently popular with the British market. In addition, they would have had a particular relevance to the Staffordshire potters making such wares. Although the great Staffordshire potter and entrepreneur Josiah Wedgwood welcomed the 'glorious revolt that has taken place in France' in 1789, he was also aware that the Staffordshire ceramic industry would suffer from the loss of profitable French markets. He added: 'The politicians tell me that as a manufacturer I shall be ruined if France has her liberty, but I am willing to take my chances in that respect' (letter to Dr Erasmus Darwin July 1789). Other Staffordshire potters, however, were crippled by the loss of French markets and the non-payment of French debts.

Physical description

Mug of cream-coloured lead-glazed earthenware transfer-printed with black enamel. Cylindrical with a loop handle. On the front is a print showing Louis XVI taking leave of his family on the morning of his execution.

Place of Origin

Staffordshire (made)

Date

ca. 1793 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown
Radford, Thomas
Thomas Fletcher & Co
Louis (XVI, King of France)

Materials and Techniques

Lead-glazed earthenware transfer-printed with black enamel

Marks and inscriptions

'Fletcher & Co. Shelton'
On print

'Farewell Queen, Children, Sister, Louis cries, / Abate your grief & dry those streaming Eyes, / And O ! my Son if e'er the Crown you wear, / Think of my fate & steer your course with care.'
Below the print

Dimensions

Height: 117 mm, Diameter: 88 mm, Width: 117 mm including handle

Descriptive line

Mug of cream-coloured lead-glazed earthenware transfer-printed with black enamel, Staffordshire, ca. 1793.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Bindman, David. The shadow of the guillotine : Britain and the French Revolution. London : British Museum Publications, 1989. 132 p., No. 97.
Drakard, David. Printed English Pottery. London : J. Horne, 1992. 166 p., fig. 446.

Labels and date

Mug depicting Louis XVI taking leave of his family before his execution
Made in Staffordshire, about 1793
The print signed 'Fletcher & Co. Shelton'
Lead-glazed earthenware with transfer-printed decoration

3638-1901 Jermyn Street Collection [23/05/2008]

Materials

Lead glaze; Earthenware; Enamel

Techniques

Transfer-printed

Categories

Ceramics; Earthenware

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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