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Candlestick

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1650-1680 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Hatch, Anthony (maker)
    Pilcherd, Stephen (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Brass, cast and enamelled

  • Museum number:

    M.1128-1926

  • Gallery location:

    Metalware, Room 116, The Belinda Gentle Gallery, case 2

This candlestick is from a distinct group of 17th-century cast and enamelled brasswares that include stirrups, mirror-frames, fire-dogs, sconces, badges and sword-hilts. The colours used for the enamelling were limited to matt black, white, blue, green, yellow and red and the cast work is usually roughly finished. Some have Royalist associations including badges decorated with the Royal arms.

The items in the group are distinguished by their method of production: the fields to be enamelled were cast in the original moulds and not, as was more common, engraved (champlévé) or enclosed (cloisonné). They were for a long time referred to as Surrey Enamels after the author Charles R. Beard ascribed their manufacture to a factory in Esher, Surrey, but documentary evidence makes a strong case for their reattribution to the London workshops of Anthony Hatch and Stephen Pilcherd.

Hatch, a prominent member of the Armourers and Braziers Company, supplied an enamelled brass chimney piece to the Company, which was placed in the Court Room. This was presumably similar in style to the other enamelled wares from this group, which of course included other wares associated with fireplaces. Hatch worked with Pilchard, another member of the Armourers and Braziers Company.

The comparatively small output of work and the repeated use of identical moulds for the stems of candlesticks, firedogs and cups suggests these objects are the products one workshop. Even domestic wares decorated with enamel would have been expensive, which implies that the workshop that produced them would have had a small but comparatively wealthy clientele.

Physical description

Brass candlestick, cast, with dark blue and white matt enamel, the fields for the enamels cast in the mould, decorated with flowers, the foot circular with hares, dogs, birds and foliage, the stem flat with birds, leaves and flowers, the socket hexagonal and flared.

Place of Origin

London (made)

Date

1650-1680 (made)

Artist/maker

Hatch, Anthony (maker)
Pilcherd, Stephen (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Brass, cast and enamelled

Dimensions

Height: 25.4 cm

Object history note

Probably made in the London workshop of Anthony Hatch (active from 1632, died, probably in London, 1689) or Stephen Pilchard. The Museum bought the candlestick in 1926 from Mr Harold M. Scrivenor of Northampton for £50.

Historical significance: The items in the group are distinguished by their method of production: the fields to be enamelled were cast in the original moulds and not, as was more common, engraved (champlévé) or enclosed (cloisonné). They were for a long time referred to as Surrey Enamels after the author Charles R. Beard ascribed their manufacture to a factory in Esher, Surrey, but documentary evidence makes a storng case for their reattribution to the London workshops of Anthony Hatch and Stephen Pilcherd.

Hatch, a prominent member of the Armourers and Braziers Company, supplied an enamelled brass chimney piece to the Company, which was placed in the Court Room. This was presumably similar in style to the other enamelled wares from this group, which of course included other wares associated with fireplaces. Hatch worked with Pilchard, another member of the Armourers and Braziers Company.

Few examples fo these enamelled wares survive and along with the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the V&A has the largest holding in the world at around a dozen examples. The comparatively small output of work and the repeated use of identical moulds for the stems of candlesticks, firedogs and cups suggests these objects are the products one workshop. Even domestic wares decorated with enamel would have been expensive, which implies that the workshop that produced them would have had a small but comparatively wealthy clientele.

Historical context note

This candlestick is from a group of cast and enamelled brasswares that include stirrups, mirror-frames, fire-dogs, sconces, badges and sword-hilts. The colours used for the enamelling were limited to matt black, white, blue, green, yellow and red and the cast work is usually roughly finished. Some have Royalist associations including badges decorated with the Royal arms.

Descriptive line

Enamelled brass ('London Enamel' formerly 'Surrey Enamel'), probably made by Anthony Hatch and Stephen Pilcherd, London, 1650-1680

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Blair, Claude, "Surrey Enamels Reattributed: Part 1", Journal of the Antique Metalware Society, Volume 13, June 2005, pp. 2-9
Blair, Claude, and Patterson, Angus, "Surrey Enamels Reattributed: Part 2, An Illustrated List of Known Types", The Journal of the Antique Metalware Society, June 2006, vol. 14, pp. 10-21

Materials

Brass; Enamel

Techniques

Casting; Enamelling

Subjects depicted

Flowers; Dogs (animals); Hares; Leaves; Birds; Foliage

Categories

Metalwork; Lighting

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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