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Cross

  • Place of origin:

    Solothurn (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1800 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver-gilt sheet, silver chain, and silver filigree set with garnet and aquamarine glass pastes

  • Museum number:

    M.12-1912

  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91 to 93 mezzanine, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 73, shelf A, box 6

Religious pendants were common in all the Catholic cantons of Switzerland. This cross, made of filigree and hanging from a crown on decorative chains, is typical of those worn in Solothurn. It has a crucifix on one side, and an image of the Virgin and Child on the other, and is decorated with red pastes (probably imitating garnets) on one side, and aquamarine pastes on the other. It would have been worn by a woman, on a black velvet ribbon.

Physical description

Pendant reliquary cross, suspended from a flat gilt crown by three heavy lengths of tight loop-in-loop chain. The cross has a cast figure of Christ on the front, with INRI above, and the Virgin and Child on the back, the figures on both sides resting on filigree tracery. The cross is set in an elaborate filigree frame, decorated with lozenges and coloured pastes (garnet on the front, aquamarine on the back). At the bottom is a small filigree drop.

Place of Origin

Solothurn (made)

Date

ca. 1800 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Silver-gilt sheet, silver chain, and silver filigree set with garnet and aquamarine glass pastes

Dimensions

Length: 18.7 cm, Width: 8.9 cm, Depth: 1.3 cm

Descriptive line

Silver-gilt and filigree crucifix with coloured pastes, Solothurn (Switzerland), about 1800.

Materials

Silver; Silver-gilt; Paste

Techniques

Filigree

Subjects depicted

Cross; Crown

Categories

Jewellery; Metalwork; Christianity

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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