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Windsor armchair

Windsor armchair

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    1760-1770 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Yew (arms, legs and splat) and mahogany or walnut (seat), carved and bent, turned back legs

  • Credit Line:

    Given in memory of Henry Matthew Philipson-Stow, by his wife

  • Museum number:

    W.24-1954

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Windsor chairs are characterised by having turned legs and back-frames, which are dowelled into a solid wooden seat. Their name probably derives from the town of Windsor in Berkshire, which is situated on the river Thames and was ideally located as a distribution point for chairs made in the Thames Valley region, where many chairs of this type were made. Windsor chairs were, however, also produced in many other areas of Britain during the 18th and 19th centuries. This example has back-splats made of yew, with a bent elm back-frame and arms, and a mahogany seat. Better-quality 18th-century Windsor chairs often had cabriole (S-shaped) front legs, as in this example. The back splat is carved to resemble the tracery of a Gothic church window.

Physical description

Windsor arm chair with the back in the form of a pointed arch and the three back splats pierced with gothic tracery. The arm-bow is plain and horizontal, the under-arm supports are curved. The seat is carved out in a saddle shape, with an incised border. The cabriole front legs are connected to the turned back legs with a bowed front stretcher and two straight stretchers.There are brackets where the front legs join the seat. The back legs are turned.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

1760-1770 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Yew (arms, legs and splat) and mahogany or walnut (seat), carved and bent, turned back legs

Dimensions

Height: 99.0 cm, Width: 58 cm, Depth: 43 cm

Object history note

The chair was the gift of Mrs H.M. Philipson-Stow, The Old Vicarage, Farnham, Surrey, in 1954
It is not known when and from whom it was acquired.

It was on loan to Brighton Museum in 1975.

Repairs to right front leg and stretcher carried out by a V&A conservator in1990. Missing parts of the stretcher were replaced with yew and wax. Part of the bracket was replaced with yew and stained - then fixed with two small nails and animal glue.

Descriptive line

Windsor armchair with Gothic tracery back and cabriole legs

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Illustrated in Coleridge, Anthony, Chippendale Furniture, 1968, Plate 157.

Materials

Yew; Mahogany

Techniques

Carving; Bending; Turning

Categories

Furniture; Woodwork

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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