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Print - The Four Times of the Day: Evening
  • The Four Times of the Day: Evening
    Baron, Bernard, born 1696 - died 1762
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The Four Times of the Day: Evening

  • Object:

    Print

  • Place of origin:

    London (printed)

  • Date:

    1738 (printed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Baron, Bernard, born 1696 - died 1762 (engraver)
    Hogarth, William, born 1697 - died 10 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Engraving and etching, black, red and blue ink on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Frank A. Gibson

  • Museum number:

    E.1265-1990

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 52, The George Levy Gallery, case WS

Hogarth's satirical composition shows a scolding wife with her husband. They have just reached Sadler's Wells, a popular watering place in the 18th century for the middle classes.

When this engraving and etching was made in 1738 most prints were produced in one colour. This example however is printed in three. Most of it is black, but the man's hand are printed in blue to show that he is a dyer by profession. The husband looks as though he has horns because his head is lined up with a cow being milked in the background. Horns on a man indicate he is a cuckold (his wife is being unfaithful). The woman's face and neck are printed in red. This either suggests she is suffering from the heat, or she is enflamed by lust/passion and is being unfaithful to her husband.

Physical description

This engraving depicts a couple out for an evening stroll with their children. They have just passed a house called 'Sadlers Wells', and are walking along a path next to the river or stream passing by an inn. Inside the inn, and in its garden, can be seen a crowd of customers.

The family are well dressed. The woman is plump and is wearing a headdress. Her face is coloured red. She is holding a fan in one hand and a three-cornered hat in the other. The husband looks pale. His hands are coloured blue to suggest that he is a dyer by profession. He looks to have horns because his head is lined up with that of a cow being milked in the background. In his arms is a female child. Their dog is just in front. Behind them two children, a boy and girl, are arguing. The boy has a toy soldier and a hobby horse, but appears to be crying. A girl is scolding him. Like her mother, she is also carrying a fan.

In the background another woman stands in front of the porch of a house called 'Sadlers Wells'. The background shows a country landscape of fields and trees.

Place of Origin

London (printed)

Date

1738 (printed)

Artist/maker

Baron, Bernard, born 1696 - died 1762 (engraver)
Hogarth, William, born 1697 - died 10 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Engraving and etching, black, red and blue ink on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'EVENING'
Lettered on print, bottom centre, in flourished capitals

'[In]vented Painted & Publish'd by Wm. Hogarth March 25th. 1738 according to Act of Parliamen'
Lettered on print, bottom left

SADLERS WELLS
Lettered within the image

Engraved by B. Baron / Price 5 Shillings
Lettered on print, bottom right

early state / (blue hands)
Written in pencil, bottom right

Dimensions

Height: 46.5 cm, Width: 37.5 cm

Descriptive line

Engraving and etching depicting 'Evening' from 'The Four Times of the Day'; designed by William Hogarth; engraved and etched by Bernard Baron; London, 1738.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Paulson, Ronald. Hogarth's Graphic Works. London, 1989. 3rd, revised ed, no. 148, 2nd state.
Bindman, David, Hogarth and His Times. London, 1997, no. 25.

Labels and date

Hogarth's satirical composition shows a scolding wife with her husband, recognisable as a dyer from the blue on his hands. They have just reached Sadlers Wells, then a popular watering place on the outskirts of London. Hogarth contrasts the unhappiness of the couple with the pleasure associated with such a place of public entertainment. []

Materials

Ink; Paper

Techniques

Engraving; Etching

Subjects depicted

Dog; Bonnets; Men; Women; Fan; Clouds; Fence; Trees; Inn; Sign; Houses; Hat; Stream; Headdress; Cow; Children; Pail

Categories

Prints

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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