Book of Hours, Use of Rome, known as the 'Salting Hours' or 'Marmion Hours'. thumbnail 1
Book of Hours, Use of Rome, known as the 'Salting Hours' or 'Marmion Hours'. thumbnail 2
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Book of Hours, Use of Rome, known as the 'Salting Hours' or 'Marmion Hours'.

Manuscripts
ca. 1470-1475 (made)
Place Of Origin

Foliation: parchment (thin, rather white). i (15th-century) + 252 ff.

Number of lines: 16 lines0

Language: Latin.

Script: rounded Italianate Gothic bookhand.

Textual content:
ff. 1r-12v: Calendar.
ff. 13r-14v: Prayer to the Sacred Visage.
ff.16r-17r: Suffrage to St Katherine, followed by two petitions, a Verse and Response.
ff. 19r-26v: Hours of the Cross.
ff. 27r-33r: Hours of the Holy Spirit.
ff. 34r-40r: Votive Mass of the Virgin.
ff. 40r-46r: Gospel pericopes (John 1:1-14; Luke 1: 26-38; Matthew 2: 1-12; Mark 16: 14-20).
ff. 47r-117v, 119r-128r: Hours of the Virgin, followed by seasonal variations of the Hours of the Virgin.
ff. 130r-151v: Penitential Psalms, with litany.
ff. 154r-202r: Office of the Dead, Use of Rome.
ff. 203r-210r: Prayers to the Virgin.
ff. 210v-232v: St Jerome’s Psalter.
ff. 232v-250v: Devotional sequence: prayers to Christ, the Virgin, God the Father and suffrages to saints.

Decoration: 12 large miniatures in semi-circular gold frames within borders, matching borders enclosing text on opposite pages (ff. 15v, 18v, 79v, 85v, 91v, 97v, 103v, 118v, 129v, 152v, 153v, 213v).1 full-page miniature (f. 153r). Decorated borders, surrounding text or a miniature on 4 sides (ff. 13r, 15v-16r, 18v-19r, 27r, 47r, 67r, 79v-80r, 85v-86r, 91v-92r, 97v-98r, 97v, 103v-104r, 112r, 118v-119r, 129v-130r, 152v, 153v-154r, 213v-214r; 7 text pages with borders but lacking opposite miniatures). Initials of alternate gold and silver on black grounds with metal patterns like damascened work.

Artists: multiplicity of hands, from several workshops:
- workshop of Willem Vrelant, based in Bruges (miniature on f. 15v and borders on ff. 15v-16r)
- workshop of Simon Marmion, based in Valenciennes (miniatures on ff. 18v, 79v, 91v, 103v, 118v, 129v, 152v, 153v, 213v)
- Master of Fitzwilliam 268, based in Bruges (miniatures on ff. 85v, 97v, 153r; borders on ff. 13r, 67r, 79v-80r, 85v-86r, 91v-92r, 97v-98r, 103v-104r, 112r, 118v-119r, 129v-130r, 213v-214r)
- Master of the Dresden Prayerbook, based in Bruges (borders on ff. 18v-19r, 27r, 47r, 152v, 153v-154r)

Binding:
(1) 19th-century, France. Red velvet in frame of enamelled gold, with enamelled medallions of the Virgin and St. John the Baptist; 2 clasps. Possibly by Reinhold Vasters.
(2) Medieval (?). f.1 once a fly-leaf. 5 sewing stations and thick cord around the spine.
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object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Ink, pigments and gold on parchment. Red velvet binding on wooden boards within a gilded metal frame. Enamelled decoration.
Brief Description
Manuscript, Book of Hours (the 'Salting Hours' or 'Marmion Hours'), Southern Low Countries (Bruges, Valenciennes), ca. 1470-1475.
Physical Description
Foliation: parchment (thin, rather white). i (15th-century) + 252 ff.



Number of lines: 16 lines0



Language: Latin.



Script: rounded Italianate Gothic bookhand.



Textual content:

ff. 1r-12v: Calendar.

ff. 13r-14v: Prayer to the Sacred Visage.

ff.16r-17r: Suffrage to St Katherine, followed by two petitions, a Verse and Response.

ff. 19r-26v: Hours of the Cross.

ff. 27r-33r: Hours of the Holy Spirit.

ff. 34r-40r: Votive Mass of the Virgin.

ff. 40r-46r: Gospel pericopes (John 1:1-14; Luke 1: 26-38; Matthew 2: 1-12; Mark 16: 14-20).

ff. 47r-117v, 119r-128r: Hours of the Virgin, followed by seasonal variations of the Hours of the Virgin.

ff. 130r-151v: Penitential Psalms, with litany.

ff. 154r-202r: Office of the Dead, Use of Rome.

ff. 203r-210r: Prayers to the Virgin.

ff. 210v-232v: St Jerome’s Psalter.

ff. 232v-250v: Devotional sequence: prayers to Christ, the Virgin, God the Father and suffrages to saints.



Decoration: 12 large miniatures in semi-circular gold frames within borders, matching borders enclosing text on opposite pages (ff. 15v, 18v, 79v, 85v, 91v, 97v, 103v, 118v, 129v, 152v, 153v, 213v).1 full-page miniature (f. 153r). Decorated borders, surrounding text or a miniature on 4 sides (ff. 13r, 15v-16r, 18v-19r, 27r, 47r, 67r, 79v-80r, 85v-86r, 91v-92r, 97v-98r, 97v, 103v-104r, 112r, 118v-119r, 129v-130r, 152v, 153v-154r, 213v-214r; 7 text pages with borders but lacking opposite miniatures). Initials of alternate gold and silver on black grounds with metal patterns like damascened work.



Artists: multiplicity of hands, from several workshops:

- workshop of Willem Vrelant, based in Bruges (miniature on f. 15v and borders on ff. 15v-16r)

- workshop of Simon Marmion, based in Valenciennes (miniatures on ff. 18v, 79v, 91v, 103v, 118v, 129v, 152v, 153v, 213v)

- Master of Fitzwilliam 268, based in Bruges (miniatures on ff. 85v, 97v, 153r; borders on ff. 13r, 67r, 79v-80r, 85v-86r, 91v-92r, 97v-98r, 103v-104r, 112r, 118v-119r, 129v-130r, 213v-214r)

- Master of the Dresden Prayerbook, based in Bruges (borders on ff. 18v-19r, 27r, 47r, 152v, 153v-154r)



Binding:

(1) 19th-century, France. Red velvet in frame of enamelled gold, with enamelled medallions of the Virgin and St. John the Baptist; 2 clasps. Possibly by Reinhold Vasters.

(2) Medieval (?). f.1 once a fly-leaf. 5 sewing stations and thick cord around the spine.

Dimensions
  • Height: 116mm (closed MS) (Note: Measured in Book Conservation measuring box)
  • Width: 97mm (closed) (Note: Measured in Book Conservation measuring box)
  • Text block calendar height: 65mm
  • Text block calendar width: 40mm
  • Text block height: 60mm
  • Text block width: 40mm
  • Depth: 47mm (closed) (Note: Measured in Book Conservation measuring box)
Open dimensions approx.: D:116 x W:160 x H:80mm
Production typeUnique
Credit line
Bequeathed by George Salting in 1910.
Object history
(1) Collection of Frédéric Spitzer. Sold at the Spitzer sale of 1893 (Spitzer cat., p. 140, no. 25).

(2) Collection of George Salting, bequeathed to the V&A in 1910.
Other Numbers
  • KRP.A.28 - NAL Pressmark
  • 1221 - Salting Bequest
Collection
Library Number
MSL/1910/2384 (Salting 1221)

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record createdMarch 1, 2017
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