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Mantua

  • Place of origin:

    Spitalfields, England (textile, weaving)
    England, Great Britain (mantua, sewing)

  • Date:

    ca. 1720 (weaving)
    1720-1730 (sewing)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (production)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silk, silk thread, silver-gilt thread; hand-woven brocading, hand-sewn.

  • Museum number:

    T.88 to C-1978

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

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By the early 18th century, the mantua was worn by women as formal day wear. The pale blue silk of this example is brocaded in silver in a large-scale pattern of fantastic fruits and leaves, a typical design for the 1720s. The train of the gown is folded up and the sides held back with a loop and button. This complicated draping required a reversal of the silk when sewn together, so that only the right side of the fabric would show when properly arranged.

Physical description

A woman's mantua of blue silk, brocaded with silver-gilt thread in a pattern of scrolls and foliage arranged in large diamond shapes. It is open down the front with robings. The sleeves are elbow-length, with three tucks at the bottoms and gathered at the top. At the sides of the train, the fabric is reversed (sewn wrong side to right side) to allow it to be pulled up and turned over at the back when worn. There is a covered, silver button at the centre back hip. One silver cord loop remains on the right, but is detached and missing on the left. The fronts are faced in pink silk, probably a later addition. There are two very large, round, heavy lead weights in each sleeve; one is covered in white silk and one with pink silk both also added later.
[Mantua] Mantua fragment of the same silk, presumably from the petticoat. This fragment may be a portion of a panel with a gathered frill at hip level.
[Mantua] Mantua fragment of the same silk, presumably from the petticoat.
[Mantua] Mantua fragment of the same silk, presumably from the petticoat.

Place of Origin

Spitalfields, England (textile, weaving)
England, Great Britain (mantua, sewing)

Date

ca. 1720 (weaving)
1720-1730 (sewing)

Artist/maker

Unknown (production)

Materials and Techniques

Silk, silk thread, silver-gilt thread; hand-woven brocading, hand-sewn.

Dimensions

Length: 232.0 cm shoulder to back hem, Width: 53.5 cm Width of silk, selvedge to selvedg

Object history note

Purchased in 1978 from Mayorcas Ltd, 38 Jermyn Street, London. Formerly Lot 176 Phillips Sale 02/03/78. Registered file 1978/424

Descriptive line

A woman's mantua of blue silk, brocaded with silver, and three fragments, England, ca. 1720

Materials

Silk (textile); Silk thread; Silver-gilt thread

Techniques

Hand sewing; Brocading; Hand weaving; Technique

Categories

Textiles; Fashion; Women's clothes

Collection code

T&F

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Qr_O13810
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