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Gown

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1797-1805 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Cotton, linen, linen thread and tape; machine-woven and hand-sewn

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Messrs Harrods Ltd.

  • Museum number:

    T.820-1913

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This plain white cotton gown embodies the ideals of neo-classicism in dress. Imitations of such clothing appeared in fancy dress and portraiture from the late 1760s, inspired by images of Greek and Roman dress published in the mid-18th century. A similar style of gown had been worn by little girls from the 1750s. The neo-classical style first emerges as fashionable dress in France, influenced by the political ideals of the French Revolution.

In construction, late 18th-century neo-classical gowns resemble earlier styles of women’s dress. There was no surviving Greek and Roman clothing to study, so the classical look was achieved by modifying existing dressmaking techniques. By raising the waistline of the gown, making it out of plain white cotton and leaving off all forms of decoration, an appropriately ‘antique’ look was created.

Wardrobe accounts and descriptions in fashion magazines indicate that these plain gowns were very popular, but few have survived. The utility of the undecorated fabric meant they were easily recycled into children’s clothes, servants' dress, cleaning rags and ultimately, paper.

Physical description

A high waisted, white cotton round gown with elbow-length sleeves, bib-front opening. The front waist and neckline are gathered, the back bodice seamed with trained skirt gathered at centre back. The bodice is lined with linen; the bib front fastens with linen tape ties and a thread button on either side of neck edge. The sleeves are on a draw string at the elbow, with a shorter oversleeve, tucked at the lower edge and caught up with a thread button.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

1797-1805 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Cotton, linen, linen thread and tape; machine-woven and hand-sewn

Dimensions

Length: 173.5 cm overall, approx., Width: 50.25 in cotton, selvage to selvage, Circumference: 25 in waist Taken from register

Object history note

Part of the Talbot Hughes collection, purchased by Messrs. Harrods and donated to the V&A in 1913.

Materials

Cotton; Linen; Linen tape; Linen thread

Techniques

Hand sewing

Categories

Textiles; Clothing; Europeana Fashion Project

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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