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Painted photograph of a tile design for the Grill Room, South Kensington Museum

  • Object:

    Painted photograph

  • Place of origin:

    South Kensington (probably, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1868-1885 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Williamson, J. Ireland (painter (artist))
    Poynter, Edward John (Sir), born 1836 - died 1919 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Salted paper print (probably), overpainted in watercolour

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level D, case C, shelf 117

Physical description

Blue and white painted photograph of a roundel design for tiles. A fleet of four medieval ships is depicted, port-bow view. Propelled by both sails and oars and with pennants fluttering, they advance on the open water away from a mountainous landmass silhouetted on the horizon. Armed figures can be clearly seen on board the nearest ship. It dominates the centre-left foreground, an anchor visible at its bow. A blue border encloses the composition. Some brushstrokes of blue watercolour in the margins of the paper.

Place of Origin

South Kensington (probably, made)


ca. 1868-1885 (made)


Williamson, J. Ireland (painter (artist))
Poynter, Edward John (Sir), born 1836 - died 1919 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Salted paper print (probably), overpainted in watercolour


Height: 23.6 cm of paper maximum, Width: 23.7 cm of paper maximum, Diameter: 21.5 cm of image approx.

Object history note

E. J. Poynter was invited to tender for the decoration of the Grill Room in November 1865. Many of Poynter's original dado tile designs for the Grill Room are signed with his monogram 'EJP' and the date 1868. That which is reproduced in this painted photograph (Museum object number 1121:8) bears no such information, but it was probably made at around the same time. Indeed, judging from the Seventeenth Report of the Science and Art Department, the Grill Room's dado tiles were all installed by the end of 1869 at the latest. It is not clear when exactly J. Ireland Williamson's painted photographs of the Grill Room tile designs were made, but this particular example was received by the Museum in March 1885. At one time it seems to have been mistaken for Poynter's original design: the latter's object number has been written in the lower right-hand margin of the paper and subsequently crossed through.

Descriptive line

Painted photograph of an E. J. Poynter dado tile design for the Grill Room, South Kensington Museum: 1 of 11 land and seascape subjects. About 1868-1885.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Seventeenth Report of the Science and Art Department. London: printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1870
p. 455
Fineman, Mia. Faking It: Manipulated Photography Before Photoshop. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012
p. 217
Physick, John. The Victoria and Albert Museum: The History of Its Building. London: The Victoria & Albert Museum, 1982
pp. 139-141; figs. 153-156; pls. XXVII-XXIX
Sheppard, F. H. W. (general ed.). Survey of London, vol. XXXVIII: The Museums Area of South Kensington and Westminster. London: Athlone Press, University of London, 1975
p. 111 and pl. 15

Production Note

This object is probably a salted paper print. According to Mark Haworth-Booth, nineteenth-century photographs made using salted paper were ideal for overpainting because of their matte surface; colour photography only became commercially available in the early twentieth century.


Watercolour; Salted paper


Salted paper processes; Watercolour painting

Subjects depicted

Ships; Seascape; Wall tile; Marine (visual work)


History of the V&A; Ceramics; Copies and Facsimilies; Delftware; Designs; Interiors; National Art Training School; Photographs; Tiles; Boats and ships; Ships


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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