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Dress fabric - Coupons

Coupons

  • Object:

    Dress fabric

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (manufactured)

  • Date:

    1941-1942 (manufactured)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Calico Printers' Association (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Screen-printed rayon crêpe

  • Museum number:

    CIRC.509-1974

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

As in the First World War (1914-18), during the Second World War (1939-45) the textile industry in Britain had to focus on the production of goods essential to the war effort. Because of the shortage of manpower and raw materials, non-essential items were restricted and clothes rationing was introduced in June 1941. A year's allowance of clothing coupons was sixty-six and this screen-printed textile, designed to add colour and fun to life during war, was inspired by the rationing scheme.
Screen-printing, using a mesh on which parts of the pattern have been masked out and through which the pigment is forced, had been developed in the late 1920s and greatly increased the freedom of the designer. It also enabled enterprising manufacturers to try out experimental designs without incurring the heavy costs of engraving metal rollers. The wartime shortage of copper further encouraged the use and development of screen-printing.

Physical description

Dress fabric of screen-printed rayon crêpe. Decorated with a variety of women's garments and with the number of coupons required for each item under the war-time rationing scheme (WWII). The ground is covered with the numerals '66', which was the total number of coupons allocated to each person per year under the rationing scheme introduced in June 1941.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (manufactured)

Date

1941-1942 (manufactured)

Artist/maker

Calico Printers' Association (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Screen-printed rayon crêpe

Dimensions

Length: 49.5 cm, Width: 82.5 cm

Descriptive line

Dress fabric 'Coupons' of screen-printed rayon crêpe, made by Calico Printers' Association, Great Britain, 1941-1942

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Ngozi Ikoku The Victoria & Albert Museum's Textile Collection: British Textile Design from 1940 to the Present (London, 2001) p. 39
Colin McDowell Forties Fashion and The New Look (London, 1997) p. 106

Materials

Rayon

Techniques

Weaving; Printing

Subjects depicted

Garments

Categories

Clothing; Day wear; Fashion; Shopping; Textiles; Evening wear; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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