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print - Art Ex Machina
  • Art Ex Machina
    Nees, Georg, born 1926 - died 2016
  • Enlarge image

Art Ex Machina

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Germany (made)
    Montreal (published)

  • Date:

    1972 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Nees, Georg, born 1926 - died 2016 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    printer's ink, paper, screenprint

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case DA, shelf 2

Georg Nees (1926-2016) is considered one of the founders of computer art and graphics. He was also one of the first people to exhibit his computer graphics, at the studio gallery of the Technische Hochschule in Stuttgart in February 1965. Nees studied mathematics and physics at the universities of Erlangen-Nuremberg and Stuttgart. He subsequently worked for Siemens as a software engineer, and was instrumental in their purchasing a 'Zuse Graphomat', a drawing machine operated by computer-generated punched tape. The machine was capable of creating geometric patterns and, although the programming language that Nees used (ALGOL) was designed specifically for scientific computers, Nees used it to create aesthetic images such as this one.

Physical description

Blue and green squares

Place of Origin

Germany (made)
Montreal (published)


1972 (made)


Nees, Georg, born 1926 - died 2016 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

printer's ink, paper, screenprint


Length: 50.8 cm, Width: 38.2 cm

Descriptive line

Art Ex Machina portfolio proof, silkscreen print after plotter drawing by Georg Nees, 1972

Production Note

Artist's proof for Art Ex Machina portfolio, published by Gilles Gheerbrant. According to the publisher, the variant prints "were published at the same time but separately and in a much smaller, more limited edition." - letter to the V&A, 17/11/2010


Paper; Ink


Silkscreen print



Production Type

Artist's proof


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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