Not currently on display at the V&A

View of Caprarola

Oil Painting
1731 (painted)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

Hendrik van Lint (1684-1763), born in Antwerp, was the son of the painter Pieter van Lint and trained with the battles painter Peter van Bredael (ca. 1629-ca. 1719) in 1697. He settled in Rome around 1710 and joined the Netherlandish confraternity of painters working there, the Schildersbent, from whom he received the nickname 'Studio' for his attention to details. He specialised with success in 'vedute' paintings and Italianate landscapes.

This painting was previously thought to depict Tivoli but it is now identified as Caprarola, Lazio. The Villa Farnese is shown in the centre at the top of the hill. This work is a typical example of van Lint's prolific output of vedute and Italianate landscapes executed in Rome and its surroundings reminiscent of the art of Claude Lorrain.


object details
Category
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Oil on canvas
Brief Description
Oil painting, 'View of Caprarola', Hendrik Frans van Lint, 1731
Physical Description
A distant view of a city in a warm golden light on the edge of a wood where some peasants and children are resting.
Dimensions
  • Estimate height: 46.9cm
  • Estimate width: 71.6cm
Dimensions taken from C.M. Kauffmann, Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, I. Before 1800, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1973.
Styles
Marks and Inscriptions
'HF van Lint Fct Ro 1731' (Signed and dated by the artist, lower right)
Credit line
Bequeathed by Mrs Duroure
Object history
Bequeathed by Mrs Duroure, 1864



The V&A central inventory indicates that 305-312-1864 were bequeathed by Mrs Duroure and the annual report of the Science and Art Department, which describes briefly the individual works.

A hand written note (Kauffmann?) in the Paintings object files reads:



'the Duroure pictures are described in the letter of acceptance g 6.4.1864 as follows:

2 small Dutch pictures- drinking subjects

1 landscape, Roman

1 Rubens, Samson and lion

1 Simon Vouel [sic]

1 Sir Walter Raleigh

2 Landscapes, Waterloo'



Historical significance: This painting is a typical example of Hendrik Frans van Lint's 'vedute' paintings inspired by Claude Lorrain, whose compositions he copied and whose style he adapted to 18th-century taste, with paler and clearer tones, prettier colours and sharper handling. Van Lint painted a number of Italian views of this type such as Landscape with an Italian Hill Town in The National Gallery, London. He also painted a variation on the present painting, which is now in a private collection (sold Christie's London, 6 February 1965, lot no. 137).
Historical context
Dutch and Flemish painters active in Rome between the early 17th and early 18th centuries produced numerous Italianate landscapes representing pastoral subjects bathed in warm southern light, in an Italian, or specifically Roman, setting. At Rome towards the end of the 17th century, Jacob de Heusch (1656-1701), Hendrik Frans van Lint (1684-1763), Jan Frans van Bloemen and, above all, Gaspar van Wittel (Vanvitelli), laid the foundations of a local school of vedutisti. The term veduta ('view' in Italian) signifies a landscape or town view that is largely topographical in conception. Famous Italian exponents of the genre include Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778) and Antonio Canaletto (1697-1768). An Italianate landscape style indebted to Claude was perpetuated by an international coterie of artists including Carlo Labruzzi (1748-1817), Jacob More (1740-1793), Nicolas-Didier Boguet (1755-1839), Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737-1807), Georg von Dillis (1759-1841) and Franz Kobell (1749-1822). John Constable (1776-1837) was critical of the genre and by the late 19th century Italianate landscapes had lost favour through the rise of Realism and Impressionism.
Subjects depicted
Place Depicted
Summary
Hendrik van Lint (1684-1763), born in Antwerp, was the son of the painter Pieter van Lint and trained with the battles painter Peter van Bredael (ca. 1629-ca. 1719) in 1697. He settled in Rome around 1710 and joined the Netherlandish confraternity of painters working there, the Schildersbent, from whom he received the nickname 'Studio' for his attention to details. He specialised with success in 'vedute' paintings and Italianate landscapes.



This painting was previously thought to depict Tivoli but it is now identified as Caprarola, Lazio. The Villa Farnese is shown in the centre at the top of the hill. This work is a typical example of van Lint's prolific output of vedute and Italianate landscapes executed in Rome and its surroundings reminiscent of the art of Claude Lorrain.
Bibliographic Reference
C.M. Kauffmann, Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, I. Before 1800, London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1973, pp. 171-72, cat. no. 211.
Collection
Accession Number
305-1864

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record createdApril 23, 2007
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